Bathmate Dark Skin
In our evaluation of the Bathmate we examined all of the penis pumps in the Hydro series, which includes Hydromax, Hydro, Hydromax, and Hydroextreme models. We offer thorough testing and analysis services. Bathmate Dark Skin
With more than one million happy customers, a customer satisfaction level of 95 percent, and a patented technique which increases the size of the penis by an average of 2 to 3 inches up to 5,
Bathmate’s penis pumps that are vacuum-filled have an impressive presence on the market for products to enhance the male appearance.
The reason is that it can be used as a treatment for erectile dysfunction or Peyronie’s disease, recovery after prostate surgery, an astronomical rise in penis length and girth, or an increase in sexual pleasure due to erectile dysfunction (ED), Peyronie’s disease (Peyronie’s), and enhanced sexual pleasure: erectile augmentation
Everything you should know about Bathmate Hydropumps is included in the article.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review: What is Bathmate Penis Pump?
These are the four essential components you should know:
1) The Tube in which you are supposed to place your penis.
2.) The Comfort Ring It is placed at the top of the male genitalia (without testing the testicles). The reason this is named is because it is possible to press the Bathmate deeply into your body. This stops air from entering and leads to the formation of a vacuum. It is not possible to expand the size of your penis, or even its circumference if the seal you have is incorrect.
3) The Pump. When you squeeze the penis against the pelvic area, the water is expelled by your grip, and then when you release your grip, your penis is ‘pumped’ by creating vacuum pressure. The penis is a resilient skin that can endure repeated usage. You are in complete control thanks to the fact that you can squeeze it lightly or with a firm force.
4) The Latch Valve. This lets you to customize the pressure, and it can be closed and opened with only one hand thanks to its ergonomic design.
How Does a Bathmate Hydropump Work?
If the tub is filled up with water in the Bath or Shower, the water pushes out the air from the inside of the tube.
After inserting your penis into the tube, you then place your Bathmate firmly against your body, at the base of your penis while securing it in the tube.
Since the comfort ring is pressed against your body, it’s impossible for air to get in, which results in the formation of a vacuum.
If you are able to pump water out of your tube, an natural process results in the vacuum pressure to force the blood from your penis.
This is a way to draw blood into your penis, which counteracts the change in pressure inside the tube, putting the heart at a lower pressure. The reason for an erection is an increase in the flow of blood around the penis, and its duration is determined by how sexually stimulated the individual is.
An erection could last as long as half an hour. If you want to grow the size of your penis you’ll need to work it regularly.
Growth to the length of your penis require a regimen like the growth of muscles does.
Bathmate recommends using your hydropump daily for at least 4-6 months for a total of 15 minutes, broken up into three times that last five minutes per session (a total of three 5 minute use).
As your penis gets larger As your penis grows, you’ll have to replace your old Bathmate with one which is one size bigger.
Similar to the way you’d increase the weight of dumbbells that you use to lift weights.
How Do I Use a Bathmate Hydropump?
Whatever penile pump in the Bathmate Hydropump product line–the Hydro7, the HydroMax, or the HydroExtreme–you choose as the one that can help you meet your goals efficiently, the manner in the application of each product to your penis is very similar.
1.) Take five moments to soak the warm water to smooth the skin on your scrotum and penis.
This will reduce the likelihood that your testicles will be drawn inside the device. When you are ready utilize the Bathmate device, make sure your testicles stay away from the tub by drawing them back with the hand that is not being used to place the device.
Even if there is no chance of being injured in this scenario, it would still be very uncomfortable.
2.) While inside the bath, you can hold your Bathmate upside down until it’s being sprayed by the water, however, make sure the black hole on the top of the device is sealed.
You do not need to secure the clasp of your Bathmate in case you intend to use to bathe in it. all you have to do is submerge the gadget in the water.
3.) 3. Place your penis that is sagging into the tube while pressing your Bathmate firmly on your pubic bone .
This will make sure the tube is sealed properly.
Bathmate penis pump Bathmate penis pump can be angled either upwards or downwards, depending on which feels more comfortable to the user.
4) For the first time, first remove the cap with the black color from the device’s top and then open the cap.
Each time you pump, this will cause short bursts of water to escape.
The penis being pulled into the chamber, and you’ll also notice that your skin is stretched.
As a result of the change in pressure the blood vessels within your penile area start to expand and lead to the development of an erection.
Because of the way that water distorts your vision and the shape of your penis will look like it has increased.
5.) Before removing your tube’s penis disable the quick-release mechanism by pulling the valve cap upwards to release the vacuum.
This should be done prior to taking your penis off the tube. If your Bathmate isn’t inserted securely enough into your pubic bone to seal the device, pumping while you’re in the shower can be more difficult as air can come in and reduce suction.
This can happen if the device is not correctly sealed.
Start pumping as soon as the cap that is black at the end of the device is removed; if you don’t the water will pour from your Bathmate Hydropump. If you discover that air is getting trapped between the comfort ring between the pump and comfort ring, you could be able to remove the comfort ring before filling and then changing it after pumping helps make the process easier.
Greater pressure can be achieved through shorter, more efficient pumps, whereas lower pressure can be achieved using slow pumps.
It is helpful to release the vacuum, then refill the machine, and then begin pumping 2 or 3 times over an hour-long session.
This will allow you to make the biggest improvements possible during each exercise.SHOP BATHMATE
Are Bathmate Hydropumps Safe To Use?
As long as they are correctly used and the directions given by their manufacturer adhered to If they are used in a safe manner and the manufacturer’s instructions are followed, Bathmate vacuum pumps will not produce any adverse side effects and are completely non-invasive.
Penis extenders can be a great alternative to penis pumps that are conventional. Penis injuries can occur as well, and one of the most common causes is over-pumping of the male genitalia.
When it’s done frequently or over a prolonged duration, excessive pumping or misuse could cause damage to the tissuethat can result in milder sexual erections.
“Men will over-pump,” says Dr. Christopher Fox, a senior lecturer in sexual health at the University of Sydney.
This is why there is a chance of damage to the penis’ vascular system.
It is strongly recommended that the procedure be carried out by the therapist for sex who is knowledgeable of what they are doing or another pumper who has previous knowledge of the procedure.
The recommendation of experienced users is to make sure the water is hot, massage the penis to relax muscles prior to beginning the exercise, and begin with a basic program that lasts between five and ten minutes each day.
Gradually, you can progress to sessions that last for twenty minutes.
There is an exception to this rule if you’re taking warfarin or a different type of blood-thinning anticoagulant or you suffer from any health condition that affects the way your blood clots.
Are there any conditions that permit Bathmate Hydropumps or any other kind of penile pump is considered to be safe?
Fluid retention is among the negative effects that is commonly associated with utilizing a penile pump that is water-based.
This occurs when the suction that drawn blood flow into the penis has also drawn in fluid. This indicates that the penis has reached its capacity to the max.
As a result of this the skin covering the penis gets swollen and the penis’s circumference also expands.
It has no impact on the growth of the penis, but it could induce a doughnut-shaped enlargement at the top on the penile’s eyelids.
After 24 hours, the problem should be off, though it is dependent on how much fluid retention you have. According to the recommendations made by Bathmate The most effective method to avoid fluid retention is to break up longer sessions of 15-20 minutes into shorter sessions of 4-5 minutes.
Which is Better, Bathmate Hydropumps or Traditional Air Pumps?
Short answer Answer: Bathmate Hydropumps.
The benefits inherent to warm water, making the penis’s tissues more pliable and further improves natural blood flow by vascular dilation, are utilized in Bathmate pumps to maximize their effectiveness.
The effects of warmth are conditioned on nerves, which prevents the discomfort that occurs when you stretch the muscles, something people who use typical air vacuum pumps frequently report experiencing.
This effect can be replicated by first applying an un-warmed towel to one’s penis for a couple of minutes before using a standard pump.
But, if you utilize the pump prior to playing spending more time in preparation will mean less time away from playing.
It’s clear which one of two options – having the feature integrated into the routine of pumping or adding an additional step will provide you with the greater level of convenience.
If air pumps are used, the need for lubrication is essential to keep the penis ‘ suppleness when stretching However, this requirement is avoided by using water.
Water is more dense than air and provides the same distribution throughout the penis due to this property.
Bruising is one of the side effects of using air pumps. It’s caused by parts of the penis having excess pressure that is applied because of uneven air distribution.
This might result in bleeding beneath the skin, as well as tiny red spots on the penis. A gauge that shows the current pressure is typically included on traditional pumps.
If you go over the limit, there is no mechanism to relieve the pressure and the air will continue expand inside the tube, regardless of the method to release it.
It is up to you to decide what is sufficient pressure and to make sure that it isn’t over.
Are you aware of the ideal pressure is for a specific circumstance?
In the event that you pump too fast or excessively the one-finger valve in Bathmate Hydropumps will release the pressure.
You can pump the maximum profits with no risk of injury due to the construction of Bathmate that prevents water from getting into the tube and, consequently, the pressure is maintained from the beginning.SHOP BATHMATE
What are Bathmate Penis Pumps Used For?
According to the findings of a poll that was carried out in 2020 by Bathmate the results showed that 70 percent of respondents experienced an increase in size.
Premature ejaculation. A mild numbing effect can be achieved using a Bathmate Hydropump 5-10 minutes right prior to engaging in sexual activity.
This can help the sexual activity to continue for longer. It is also possible to prevent premature ejaculation by training your penis to remain in a straight position for long times with no expectation of sexual release.
This is a different method of preventing premature ejaculation. If your penis is pressuring your Bathmate and you aren’t able to get any relief by pumping your legs unless you remove it first.
Harder erections. In the same survey conducted at the end of 2020, conducted by Bathmate, 76% of respondents reported having stronger erections.
Furthermore it is possible to achieve this by using the pump prior to engaging in sexual activity while wearing an erection rings.
Once you’ve taken off your Bathmate The ring will prevent the blood that was taken into the penis from escaping as rapidly.
It will help keep your erection stronger for a longer period of time, while preparing you for your future partner.
It is crucial to keep in mind that the ring needs to fit snugly against the body for the erection to last This can be uncomfortable for certain men.
Stimulation of sexual organs and foreplay. When you get an erection you might feel intense excitement and, if you continue to have a powerful erection your desire to have sexual experiences may rise.
Vacuum penis pumps produce erections while using them but they have also the capacity to encourage an increase in the number of natural erections as well as greater intensity of orgasms.
Penis pumps give you a squeaking sensation that can be very delightful, and they are a great choice for masturbation , as well as foreplay with edging, light control, and total domination.
This makes them extremely multi-functional and versatile toys.
Even though they weren’t intended to be used on other body parts it is possible to get creative with the pumps.
The pump can be used on the clitoris, the Nipples, as well as any other erogenous area without danger.
Bathmate Penis Pumps Review For Erectile Dysfunction
Oral medicines such as pharmaceuticals that are pushed via the penis’s tip into the tube inside, shots that you inject into your penis, and implanted surgically, penile implants are prone to create adverse effects and may not work or could be very risky.
Bathmate Hydropumps, when used appropriately, enhance the oxygenation of penile tissues, which aids in maintaining the length of the penis after the prostatectomy.
They also help limit the likelihood of aberrant fibrous tissue growing in the penis, helping to maintain erectile function.
Erectile dysfunction sufferers who utilize vacuum penis pumps can enjoy an erection that is hard and they have a noticeable improvement in their sexual pleasure.
The percentage of improvement ranges between 80-90 percent.
The use of a Bathmate Hydropump to treat erectile dysfunction is when compared with other treatments more affordable in the long run, noninvasive and is able to be used in conjunction with other drugs.
In addition, it can aid men in recovering the erectile function after surgical procedures.
In treating erectile disfunction with the Bathmate Hydropump, you can have the option of using it immediately before engaging in sexual activities to boost blood flow and an erection.
You can also build a regular routine in which you use it at least five times every week and work your way up to 20-minute sessions on a regular basis.
This can improve how natural your erections are eliminating the need for you to take Bathmate prior to engaging in sexual activity.
Penis Pumps & Prostate Health
Penile shrinkage and nerve damage are both frequent adverse effects of prostatectomy being seen in about 70% of patients and both side effects get worse over time.
Clinical studies have shown that patients who utilize the penis pump vacuum can maintain the size of their penis before surgery and recover sexual function more quickly after surgery.
The absence of natural erections can be the result of postoperative nerve damage that can cause an insufficient amount of oxygen reaching those tissues in the penis. It could be that a deficiency in oxygen could result in the development of fibrous tissue, and consequently of this, long-term erectile dysfunction.
Based on a number of studies, medical professionals recommend the use of vacuum penis pumps during rehabilitation in order to boost blood flow into the penis and maintain tissue.
This can help to avoid this from occurring. In an study that was conducted in the year 2011, 13 men undergoing prostatectomy teamed up with a penis pump and tadalafil (20 mg three times a week and daily pump use five days per week) and the results were compared to the control group of seven men who took a dose of 20 mg tadalafil alone.
The control group experienced significantly less improvement in erectile dysfunction.
The men who utilized the penis pump scored better scores for penile hardness on the International Index of Erectile Function.
Additionally, 92 percent of the men in the penis pump group were able to achieve intercourse to orgasm, whereas only 29 percent of the men in the tadalafil-only group were able to do so.
After the procedure, another 42 men were able to use a penile pump on a daily basis for a period time period of 90 days.
Only one man had a decrease in length of the penile of at minimum 0.4 inches.
Compared to the average of 48 percent of men who experience a significant decrease in the length of their peniles following prostatectomy and are not treated with rehabilitation using penis pumps, the proportion of men who benefit from this treatment is significantly greater.
Penis pumps using the use of a vacuum have shown a clear and substantial effect.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review For Peyronie’s Disease
Peyronie’s disease is a non-cancerous disease where the penis grows fibrous scar tissue. This results in erections that are extremely bent and painful.
This condition is caused by the development of Peyronie’s Disease.
Peyronie’s disease may prevent the ability of a man to engage in sexual activity, induce erectile dysfunction, and shorten your penile shaft.
The pressure applied to the penis through penis pumps that are vacuum-operated can cause plaque to break down or be repaired, which ultimately causes the penis to curvature becoming straighter.
The effectiveness of using penis pumps that are vacuum-filled was examined over the course of a year as part of a study which included 31 males diagnosed with Peyronie’s disease.
The treatment resulted in significant improvement in the penis’ length, and the curve of the penis also improved in 21 of the males.
People with the condition are advised to only use the penis pump when their condition has not changed in at least three months and their curvature has not become excessive with two sessions per day for several months.
This is an important thing to remember.
Do Bathmate Penis Pumps Increase Penis Size?
As per the doctor Dr. Christopher Fox, “Men who use penile pumps recreationally report big gains in sizes. Of course, the size decreases if you don’t maintain the pump, but men who do report significant gains in sizes.”
According to the results of clinical studies those who have used penis pumps that are vacuum-filled for erectile dysfunction experience the highest levels of satisfaction overall.
Bathmate offers an claim support page on their website . It provides impartial reviews, outcomes and endorsements as well as before-and-after videos of people with healthy penises. They say they gain 30 percent in penis length and girth after taking the product for 6 months.
Based on a survey carried out by 2020 of 12,000 Bathmate customers Bathmate, 81 percent claimed having more erections. 70.6% reported having longer erections after having used the product for two months.
If only HydroXtreme was taken into consideration, 92.9 percent of users experienced improved erections and 80 percent either experienced longer or better erections, or both.
The size of your penis will increase in both length and circumference if you continue to use it regularly.
But, you’ll have to keep using your Bathmate if you want any gains to last around.
If you don’t do your workout then you’ll be unable to reap the benefits, much as when you’re working to build muscle in the gym.
There is very little evidence that suggests these devices can bring any significant long-term gains in terms of size, says Professor Wylie, who is an expert in the field of sexual medicine. In a study published in 2011, titled ” Non-invasive methods of penile lengthening: fact or fiction,” the researchers concluded that there was no evidence to back the belief that penis pumps result in permanent changes to size even if they are not utilized continuously.
The size of the penile can be maintained over a longer period of time by men who use a penis pump three to five times a every week for a period of 20 minutes, but if they stop using the pump for even a couple of days, their penis shrinks back at the same size as it did prior to when they started pumping it. If the penis is pumped, you will notice a slight increase in size.
By using it for a long time an already larger penis is not only maintained , but can be substantially increased in size.
This is enough for some men. But when you look at it in the context of how is a daily 20-minute workout any different from a skincare routine or a workout that’s the same length, if the result is a considerable boost in confidence in the bedroom?SHOP BATHMATE
Which Bathmate Hydropump is Best for Me?
The Bathmate Hydropump product line is available in a variety of sizes. The one that’s right for you will depend not only on your existing size but also what you intend to achieve using the penis vacuum pump.
If your natural penis size is that number of inches or less when in erect position then the model of that product that’s most suitable to your needs is theHydroMax3 model of the product.
Other models with numbers are the HydroMax5 model and HydroMax7 model. HydroMax7 model.
If you’re planning to use the HydroMax5, you’ll need an esoteric that is at four inches or more; for the HydroMax7 it’s a penis that is at least 7 inches tall; and so on. It is essential to choose the correct dimension for the Bathmate hydropump in order to get the best outcomes from it.
This allows a baseline to be set for future improvements However, if your pump is not of the correct size, you might not get the right pressure, which can result in either zero results, or outcomes that are less impressive, or an unpleasant experience.
How to Correctly Measure Your Penis Size
1) Take your measurement with your penis straight.
Penis length is determined from its top, that is, the one facing you when you look at yourself from the side.
The measurement is not taken along the bottom of the penis, which is closer to the testicles.
2.) With any excess pubic hair or fat pushed to the side, measure length in inches of your tailbone towards your pubic bone.
3.) To determine the girth of your body by wrapping the tape measure around your shaft in the spot where it is thickest and make a note of where the two tape ends meet.
To begin using the Bathmate’s size calculator website to find the right pump for your measurements, simply enter your measurements of length and girth in the units of measurement of your choice.
The Bathmate Hydropump Product Line
Bathmate provides Bathmate’s Hydro7 kit for first-time users and Bathmate also offers the HydroMax and HydroMax Wide Boy for experienced users and their HydroXtreme and HydroXtreme Wide Boy for experienced users looking to maximize their growth in size. The entire range of Bathmate’s items are available through their web site.
Hydro7 was formerly “Bathmate”
The first pump from Bathmate was a hydropump and was brought to the market in 2006 under the name “Bathmate Hercules.” Hydro7 revolutionized the market for penile pumps since it was water-based and priced half as much as its closest rival.
The Hydro7 is ideal for those with penises between 5 and 7 inches length when they are erect and was developed to help the typical consumer at the beginning.
Three colors are available for the Hydro7 available: white, red and blue.
When ordered directly from the Bathmate website, all of the company’s hydropumps come with a sixty-day refund policy during which there is no question asked with a two-year guarantee and free shipping.
Since Bathmate has distribution warehouses all around the world, the majority of orders will be delivered within five business days and all items will be delivered in unremarkable packaging, that is not marked.
Bathmate HydroMax Series
The Hydromax line of penis vacuum pumps is the most extensively used penis pump in world. It also has a high customer satisfaction rate that is higher than 95 percent of people who were polled.
This pump is more powerful than the Hydro7 one, making it suitable for users who are looking for an increase in size that is gradual, but not overwhelming or those with an erection length that is longer that 7 inches.
Bathmate HydroXtreme Series
The HydroXtreme series is designed specifically for advanced users who are trying to achieve maximal gains in size as swiftly as they can.
This Bathmate HydroXtreme penis pump has the handball as an additional part that assists in maximizing the pressure, and also provides 35 percent more suction than comparable pumps.
The HydroXtreme line of Bathmate includes five distinct versions, each of which comes with an accessory kit for free.
If you’re looking for customers who’ve outgrown conventional vacuum penis pumps The HydroXtreme range of products offers options ranging between the HydroXtreme5 up to HydroXtreme11.
HydroXtreme11 HydroXtreme11 is the biggest penis pump ever to have been invented.
Cleaning Kit ($46.98). A collection of accessories to ensure the longevity that your pumps provide.
This kit is crucial, despite the fact that it is charged an additional fee at the time of checkout.
This is because there is an opportunity for a high level of levels of bacterial growth in water that is warm and the pump has to be maintained free of dirt to ensure that the rubber will maintain its malleability.
Cushion Rings ($14.98. Rings for cushioning that can be added to the base of your pump before use to make the process of pressing the seal into your pubic bone more enjoyable and less painful.
The Capsule Travel Case ($46.98). A sturdy case that will protect your pump from damage and keep your personal information private while traveling.SHOP BATHMATE
How to Get the Most Gains with Your Bathmate Hydropump
What is Jelqing?
Bathmate suggests the usage of jelqing as a form of manual workout to be employed in addition to the Bathmate Hydropumps.
Jalqing has its roots in the Middle East as a rite of passage dating to the earliest Arabic civilizations. Jelqing is helpful in warming up the penile tissues, stopping the retention of fluid, as well as training and getting your penis ready in a safe manner to handle the higher pressures applied by the hydropump.
Alongside using your Bathmate Hydropump, you should make jelqing part of your regular practice.
1.) Make sure that the penis is warm and flexible prior to expanding the flow of blood by applying warm water to the area.
This will enable the penis to expand more easily.
2) Apply lube and, using an OK finger grasp to encircle the bottom of the semi-erectcock.
Repeat this process many times. When you use this grip, you should only apply pressure in one direction, moving from the base up to the tip, and you should avoid pulling the foreskin back.
3) It is imperative that you do not jelq with an entire erection. Beginners should stop jelqing after their penis is at 50 percent of an effective erection after completing one hundred fifty repetitions.
This percentage can be increased to seventy five percent and finally to ninety percent. However beginners should never jelq with full erections.
Build a Workout Routine With Your Bathmate’s Hydropump
It’s crucial to keep up the flow if you wish to gain penile growth and keep the ones you already have. This will help you sustain the gains.
This involves creating a consistent exercise regimen that is tailored to your personal time limitations, goals, and the amount of effort you think you can put into it.
Advocates of the Bathmate Hydropump with more experience have routines classified as either “Newbie,” “Intermediate,” or “Advanced.”
Whether or not you have been using jelqing for lengthy period of time, your experience will be determined by the degree to which comfortable you are with the Bathmate Hydropumps.
It is important not to overdo it and gradually progress to more intense workouts using a pump for vacuum This is crucial for the same reason that it is important not to go overboard when building muscles.
You can play around using the many Bathmate Hydropump routines that are included in each stage to find out which make your penis respond most positively.
An example of a straightforward routine for beginners might look like this:
- Week 1 & 2: Pumping sessions of 5 to 10 minutes 4 times per week.
- Week 3 and 4: Pumping sessions of 10-15 minutes, 5 times per week.
- Week 5 and 6 Sessions of pumping that last between 15 and 20 mins, six times every week.
Make sure you get at least one day of relaxation each week is crucial and that you should not exceed six hours of relaxation.SHOP BATHMATE
Alternative Vacuum Penis Pumps to the Bathmate Hydropump
Bathmate Penis pump hydraulic, as proven by its award in its Venus award for best new product in 2014, and the award for the best male enhancement products in 2012.
Penomet, much like Bathmate is basically an water-based vacuum device which can be utilized within the shower or the bath, or as an penis air pump.
Penomet’s versatility makes it an ideal alternative.
Penomet uses the AquaPressure technology to deliver ideal vacuum pressure.
Penomet pumps can be adjusted, constructed from polycarbonate plastics that , according to the company, are nearly unbreakable, and they make five different gaiters made from medical-grade silicone. Each has their own level of suction strength.
When you buy the Penomet, which has all five gaiters, you’ll have the ability to utilize the same pump as the first time you utilize it all the way through several years of improvement and future training. Using multiple models of Bathmate
When your penis grows by a specified percentage, any further gains are limited to maintenance, only until you upgrade to a model that is a larger size as well as a stronger suction. It’s simpler to track your progress in the areas of training, growth or recovery when you are relying on just one model. Penomet products are available in a variety of sizes that include The Force 60, 65, 70 and 75 and their Extreme Force 80 and X85 Monster Gaiter The latter is the principal rival to Bathmate’s HydroXtreme11.
More than 10 years of study and testing, it was discovered that using Penomet devices for six months and the requirement of six sessions per week, led to as much as a twenty percent increase in length and a 30 percent increase in thickness, and an improvement in the overall quality of the sexual erection.
Penomet, much like Bathmate, provides a money-back guarantee for the first 60 days, and a warranty that is valid for three years. A two-year warranty is offered by Bathmate.
The initial investment is the main drawback for Penomet penis pumps when compared to Bathmate Hydropumps.
Comparing it to the Bathmate HydroXtreme11, which retails for $399, the Penomet Premium package, which comprises gaiters that range from the novice gaiter to the Extreme Force 80 gaiter, has a suggested retail price of $457. Bathmate Dark Skin