In our review of the Bathmate we examined the entire penis pumps in the Hydro series, including Hydromax, Hydro, Hydromax, and Hydroextreme models. We provide in-depth testing and analysis services. Bathmate Kaufen
With more than one million happy customers, a satisfaction rate of 95 and a unique technique which increases the size of the penis in an average 2 to 3 inches up to 5,
Bathmate’s vacuum penis pumps are a major player in the market for products for male enhancement.
Whether it be as treatment for erectile disfunction or Peyronie’s disease, recovery after prostate surgery, a dramatic rise in penis length and size, as well as increased sexual pleasure: erectile dysfunction (ED) or Peyronie’s disease (Peyronie’s), and enhanced sexual pleasure due to erectile augmentation
Everything you must know about Bathmate Hydropumps is included in this article.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review: What is Bathmate Penis Pump?
These are the four main components you should know:
1.) The Tube in which you are supposed to put your penis.
2) The Comfort Ring It is worn around the bottom on the male male genitalia (without the testicles). The reason why it is called this is due to the fact that it allows you to press the Bathmate tightly into your body. This stops air from entering the body and causes the development of an air vacuum. It is not possible to increase the size of your penis or its circumference if the seal you have is not correct.
3) The Pump. When you squeeze the penis against your pelvic seat, the water is expelled as you relax your grip, your penis is “pumped” by creating a vacuum pressure. The penis is made of a resilient skin that can be used repeatedly. You have complete control thanks to the fact that you can squeeze gently or forcefully.
4) The Latch Valve. It lets you adjust the pressure and can be closed and opened by using only one hand due to its ergonomic design.
How Does a Bathmate Hydropump Work?
When the tube is filled with water from The Bath or Shower, the water pushes air out from the interior of the tube.
After inserting your penis in the tube, press your Bathmate with your body at the bottom of your penis while you hold it inside the tube.
Since the comfort ring is pressed against your body, it is impossible for any air to pass through, which results in an air vacuum.
When you pump water through the tube process causes the vacuum pressure to draw in blood to your penis.
This draws blood into your penis to offset the shift in pressure in the tube, putting little pressure on your heart. An erection can be caused by an increase in the flow of blood around the penis. Its duration is contingent on how sexually stimulated the individual is.
An erection can persist for up to half an hour. If you’re looking to increase its size, you’ll have to work regularly.
Gains in the size of your penis require a regimen in the same way that muscular growth does.
Bathmate recommends using your hydropump every day for at least 4-6 months , for fifteen minutes in total divided into three times that last 5 minutes per session (a total of three 5 minute usages).
As your penis grows larger As your penis grows, you’ll have to replace your previous Bathmate with one that is one size larger.
This is like the way you raise the size of the dumbbells you use when lifting weights.
How Do I Use a Bathmate Hydropump?
No matter which penile pump in Bathmate’s Hydropump product line–the Hydro7 or the HydroMax or the HydroExtreme that you select as the one that can help you achieve your objectives in the most efficient manner the method in how you apply each item to your penis is similar.
1.) Take five minute to immerse yourself in warm water to relax the skin of your penis and scrotum.
This will reduce the likelihood that your testicles will get drawn inside the unit. When you are ready make use of the Bathmate gadget, keep your testicles away from the tub by bringing them back using the hand that’s not employed to move the device.
Although there isn’t any chance of being injured in this circumstance It would be uncomfortable.
2.) When you’re in the shower, you can hold your Bathmate upside down until it’s being sprayed by water, but ensure that the black hole on the device’s top is closed.
You do not need to secure the clasp of your Bathmate if you are going to use your bath in the tub; all you need to do is immerse the device in water.
3.) 3. Place your penis that is sagging into the tube while pressing your Bathmate firmly onto your pubic bone to make sure that the device is securely sealed.
It is possible to use the Bathmate penis pump can be tilted either downwards or upwards depending on what feels more comfortable to the user.
4.) To start pumping to begin, remove the cap that is black from the device’s top and then open the cap.
Every time you pump, this will cause small bursts of liquid to be released.
Your penis will feel being drawn into the chamber. You will also notice stretch of the skin on your front.
As a result of the pressure shift, the blood vessels in your penile area begin to dilate and lead to the formation of an sexual erection.
Because of the way the water distorts your vision, the circumference of your penis appears like it has increased.
5.) Before withdrawing you penis out of the tube remove the quick-release valve by pulling the valve cap inwards to let the vacuum out.
This must be done prior to taking your penis off the tube. If your Bathmate isn’t placed securely enough in your pubic bone in order to seal the device, pumping while you’re in the shower can be more difficult because air can come in and cause a decrease in suction.
This is the case if the device is not secured properly.
Start pumping when the black cap at the end of the device is removed; if you don’t the water will pour out of your Bathmate hydropump. If you discover that air has gotten trapped between the comfort rings between the pump and comfort ring, you could discover that taking off the comfort ring before filling it and replacing it at the time of pumping makes the process simpler.
More pressure can be obtained with shorter, quicker pumps and lower pressure can be achieved with slower pumps.
It is beneficial to let off the vacuum, then refill the machine, and then begin pumping two or three times over the 15 to 20 minutes session.
This will enable you to achieve the most significant gains possible during each exercise.SHOP BATHMATE
Are Bathmate Hydropumps Safe To Use?
If they are used appropriately and the instructions that are provided by their manufacturer adhered to If they are used in a safe manner and the manufacturer’s instructions are followed, Bathmate vacuum pumps don’t produce any adverse unwanted side effects and are non-invasive.
Penis extenders offer an alternative to conventional penis pumps. Penis injuries are possible, but one of the most frequent causes is excessive pumping of the genitalia.
If it is done too often or over a prolonged time, over-pumping and misuse could cause damage to the tissuethat could result in weaker sexual erections.
“Men will over-pump,” says Dr. Christopher Fox, a senior lecturer in sexual health at the University of Sydney.
Because of this, there is a possibility of injuries to the vascular system of the penis.
It is highly recommended that the procedure is carried out by a sex therapist who is aware of what they are doing , or another pumper who has prior knowledge of the procedure.
The advice of seasoned users is to make sure that the water is warm. massaging the penis with a massage to relax muscles prior to starting the workout, and start with a basic program that runs between five to ten minutes every day and gradually works up to sessions that last twenty minutes.
There’s an exception to this rule if you’re taking warfarin or a different type of blood-thinning anticoagulant or if you have any medical condition that impacts how your blood forms clots.
Are there any conditions that permit the use of Bathmate Hydropumps or another penile pump can be regarded to be risk-free?
Fluid retention is one of the negative effects commonly associated with utilizing the penile pump which is water-based.
It happens when the suction that drawn blood flow into the penis is also drawing in fluid. This means that the penis has reached its capacity to the max.
As a result of this the skin covering the penis gets swollen and the penis’s circumference increases.
This does not have any effect on the growth of the penis. However, it can cause a doughnut-shaped enlargement at the base of your penile’s glans.
After 24 hours, this should go away, although it depends on the amount of fluid retention you have. According to the recommendations made by Bathmate according to Bathmate, the most efficient method to avoid the retention of fluid is to split longer sessions of 15-20 minutes into shorter ones of 4-5 mins.
Which is Better, Bathmate Hydropumps or Traditional Air Pumps?
Short answer Answer: Bathmate Hydropumps.
The inherent benefits of warm water, which makes the tissues of the penis more flexible and improves the flow of blood through dilation of the vascular tract, are employed in Bathmate pumps to maximize their effectiveness.
Warmth can have a cooling effect on nerves that prevents pain from arising when stretching and bending.
This is something users of standard air vacuum pumps commonly experience.
The same effect can be reproduced by applying an icy towel to the penis for a few minutes prior to using a traditional pump.
However, if you use the pump before the game, more time spent in preparation will mean longer time away from playing.
It is evident that which of the two options – having the feature built into your routine for pumping or adding an additional step-will give you the highest degree of convenience.
If air pumps are used, lubrication is required to maintain the penis supple during the stretching process; however, this requirement can be avoided by using water.
Water is more dense than air, and can provide an equal distribution across the penis because of this property.
The bruising process is among the negative effects of air pumps, and it’s due to parts of the penis that have excess pressure that is applied due to an uneven distribution of air.
This might result in bleeding beneath the skin as well as tiny red spots on your penis. A gauge that displays the current pressure is typically included on traditional pumps.
If you go over the limit it is impossible to relieve the pressure and the air will continue get compressed inside the tube even though there isn’t a way to let it out.
It is your responsibility to determine how much pressure is sufficient pressure and to ensure that it is not exceeded.
Are you aware of what the ideal pressure is for a certain circumstance?
If you pump too fast or forcefully the one-finger valve in Bathmate Hydropumps will automatically relieve the pressure.
You can pump for maximum profits without risking injury due because of the structure of Bathmate, which prevents water from entering the tube, and as a result, the pressure is maintained from the beginning.SHOP BATHMATE
What are Bathmate Penis Pumps Used For?
Based on the results of a poll carried out in 2020 by Bathmate, they discovered that 70 percent of respondents experienced a size rise.
Premature ejaculation. A mild numbing effect can be achieved using a bathmate hydropump for five to ten minutes immediately prior to engaging in sexual activity.
This may help in allowing in allowing the session to last for longer. It is also possible to prevent premature ejaculation through training your penis to stay erect for extended durations with no expectation of sexual release.
This is another method for preventing premature ejaculation. Even if your penis is pressing on your Bathmate but you won’t be capable of obtaining relief from pumping your legs unless you remove it first.
Harder erections. The same survey was conducted for 2020 Bathmate, 76% of the respondents reported having more powerful erections.
Furthermore it is possible to achieve this by utilizing the pump prior to sexual activity wearing a penis band.
Once you’ve taken off your Bathmate the bandage will stop the blood pulled into the penis from draining as fast.
This will maintain your erection stronger for more time, while preparing you for your partner.
It is important to remember that the ring has to be snug against the body to allow the erection to remain, which may be uncomfortable for some guys.
Stimulation of the sexual organs and foreplay. When you get an erection, you could experience intense sensations of excitement as well as when you regularly experience a strong erection your desire to have sexual encounters may increase.
Not only do vacuum penis pumps create erections while using them however, they also have the potential to increase the amount of natural erections, as well as more intense orgasms.
Penis pumps give you a squeaking sensation, which can be very delightful, and they can be used to masturbate as and for foreplay in the areas of edging, light control and total domination.
They are incredibly versatile and versatile toys.
Despite the fact that they weren’t designed to be used on other body parts, you can still get creative using them.
The pump can be utilized on the clitoris area, the Nipples, as well as any other erogenous locations without risk.
Bathmate Penis Pumps Review For Erectile Dysfunction
Oral medications such as pharmaceuticals that are pushed through the penis’s tip into the tube within, shots that you inject through your penis as well as surgically installed penile implants all are prone to produce adverse effects or fail to function or could be very dangerous.
Bathmate Hydropumps, when utilized properly, can increase the oxygenation of penile tissues, which can help in maintaining penis length following an operation to remove the prostatectomy.
Additionally, they help to limit the likelihood of aberrant fibrous tissue growing in the penis.
This helps to preserve erectile function.
Men with erectile dysfunction who use vacuum penis pumps are able to achieve a hard erection and notice a significant increase in their sexual satisfaction.
The range of this percentage is between 80 and 90 percent.
The use of a Bathmate Hydropump in treating the problem of erectile disfunction can be, in comparison to other treatments, less expensive over the long term, and non-invasive and is able to be used alongside other medications.
In addition, it can aid men in regaining their erectile function following surgical operations.
When treating erectile dysfunction with the Bathmate Hydropump, you have the option of either applying it right away prior to engaging in sexual activity to increase the flow of blood and create an erection, or establishing your routine to ensure that you use it a minimum of five days every week and progress to 20-minute sessions on a daily basis.
This will enhance how natural your erections are getting rid of the need to use Bathmate before to sexual activity.
Penis Pumps & Prostate Health
The shrinkage of the penile and the damage to nerves are both common side effects after prostatectomy, occurring in approximately 70 percent of patients and both of them get worse over time.
Studies conducted in clinical settings have demonstrated that individuals who utilize the penis pump vacuum are able to keep the size of their penis prior to surgery and get sexual function back faster following surgery.
The absence of natural erections may be the result of postoperative nerve injury, which can lead to a deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching tissue of penis. It could be that a deficiency in oxygen may result in the formation of fibrous tissue.
This could result in turn of this, long-term erectile dysfunction.
On the basis of numerous studies, medical professionals recommend the use of vacuum penis pumps in rehabilitation to increase the flow of oxygen into the penis and maintain tissues.
This will help prevent this from happening. In the study conducted in 2011, 13 men undergoing prostatectomy combined penis pumps with tadalafil (20 mg 3 times weekly and daily pump use five days per week) and the results were compared with the control group of seven men who received a dose of 20 mg of Tadalafil by itself.
The group that was treated with tadalafil experienced less improvement in erectile dysfunction.
The men who utilized the penis pump received greater scores for the penile’s resistance on the International Index of Erectile Function.
Furthermore, 92 percent the men in the penis pump group could achieve sexual intimacy to orgasm, but only 29 percent of the men in the tadalafil-only category were able to achieve this.
After surgery, another 42 men were able to use the penile pump on regular basis for a total time period of 90 days.
Only one of the men saw a decrease in the length of their peniles by at minimum 0.4 inches.
Comparing to the median of 48 percent of men who suffer a significant reduction in penile length following prostatectomy and are not given rehabilitation with the help of vacuum penis pumps.
The percentage of men who gain from this treatment is significantly more.
Penis pumps that utilize the use of a vacuum have shown a clear and substantial effect.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review For Peyronie’s Disease
Peyronie’s disease is a non-cancerous disease that causes the penis to develop fibrous scar tissue. This causes erections to be extremely bent and painful.
The cause of this condition is the development of Peyronie’s disease.
Peyronie’s disease may prevent men from engaging in sexual activities, cause an erectile dysfunction and reduce your penile shaft.
The pressure that is applied to the penis by vacuum penis pumps may cause plaque to break down or be repaired. This ultimately leads to the penis curvature becoming more straight.
The efficacy of using penis pumps that are vacuum-filled was examined over the course of a year during a study that included 31 males suffering from Peyronie’s Disease.
The treatment led to considerable improvement in the length of the penis and the curve of the penis also improved in 21 of the males.
Men who have Peyronie’s disease should only use a penis pump if their condition has not changed in at least three years and their curvature has not become severe after two sessions every day for a period of several months.
This is an important point to keep in mind.
Do Bathmate Penis Pumps Increase Penis Size?
According to the doctor Dr. Christopher Fox, “Men who use penile pumps recreationally report big gains in sizes. Of course, the size decreases if you don’t maintain the pump, but men who do report significant gains in sizes.”
Based on the findings of clinical studies the patients who utilize penis pumps with vacuum as a treatment for erectile dysfunction experience an overall high level of satisfaction.
Bathmate offers an claim support page on their website . It includes impartial reviews, results along with endorsements and before-and after videos of individuals with healthy penises. They say they gain 30 percent in penis length and girth following using the product for six months.
Based on a survey conducted by 2020 on 12,000 Bathmate customers Bathmate, 81 percent claimed having greater erections and 70.6% reported having longer erections after using the product for 2 months.
When just the HydroXtreme was considered, 92.9 percent of users reported noticeably improved erections, and 80 percent either had better or longer sexual erections, or both.
Your penis will increase in both length and circumference if you continue to use it frequently.
But, you’ll need to continue utilizing your Bathmate if you want your gains to last.
If you don’t do the work and you don’t, you’ll lose the effects like when you’re working to build muscle at the gym.
There is no evidence that suggests these devices can bring any lasting benefits in size, according to Professor Wylie who is an expert in the field of sexual medicine. In a study published in 2011 and titled ” Non-invasive methods of penile lengthening: fact or fiction,” the researchers came to the conclusion that there was no evidence to support the idea that penis pumping can result in permanent changes in size even when they’re not utilized continuously.
The size of the penile may be maintained over a longer period of time by men who utilize a penis pump three to five times per week for twenty minutes.
However, when they stop pumping for even a few days and their penis shrinks in size to what it used to be before they started pumping it. However, if it is pumping your penis it will experience a momentary rise in size.
Through continued use, an already enlarged penis is not only maintained but also substantially augmented in size.
This is sufficient for some men, and when viewed in context, what makes a 20-minute daily exercise any different from a routine for skincare or a run that’s the same length, in the event that the result is a considerable improvement in confidence in the bedroom?SHOP BATHMATE
Which Bathmate Hydropump is Best for Me?
Bathmate Hydropump Bathmate Hydropump product line is available in a variety of sizes. The size that’s right for you will depend not only on your existing size but also on the goals you intend to achieve with the vacuum penis pump.
If your natural penis size is a number of inches in length or less when it’s in erect position, the model of that product that’s best suited to you is that of theHydroMax3 model of that product.
Other examples of models with numbers include the HydroMax5 model as well as HydroMax7 model. HydroMax7 model.
If you want to utilize the HydroMax5, you’ll need penis that’s at four inches or more; for the HydroMax7 it’s a penis that is at minimum 7 inches tall and so on. It is essential to choose the correct dimension for the Bathmate hydropump to get the best results from it.
This enables a baseline to be established for future improvements; but, if the pump is not of the correct size, you may not get the right pressure, which could result in either zero results, or results that are less appealing or a bad experience.
How to Correctly Measure Your Penis Size
1) Take your measurement with your penis straight.
The length of the penis is measured along the top of the penis, that is, the one facing you when you look down on yourself.
It is not measured on the penis’s bottom, which is closer to the testicles.
2) With any excess fat or pubic hair pushed away from you, measure how far your tailbone extends all the way back towards your pubic bone.
3.) To determine girth, carefully wrap the tape measure around your shaft at the location where it’s most thick and take note of the place where the two tape ends meet.
To begin using the Bathmate’s size calculator website to find the right pump for your dimensions, simply enter your length and girth measurements in the measurement units you want to use.
The Bathmate Hydropump Product Line
Bathmate offers Bathmate’s Hydro7 kit for first-time users, HydroMax and the HydroMax and HydroMax Wide Boy for experienced users and their HydroXtreme as well as the HydroXtreme Wide Boy for experienced users striving for maximum increases in size. The entire range of Bathmate’s items are available on their website.
Hydro7 was formerly “Bathmate”
It was the first Hydropump from Bathmate, and it was introduced on the market by the brand name “Bathmate Hercules.” Hydro7 revolutionized the penile pump market since it was water-based and cost half as much as its closest rival.
The Hydro7 is ideal for those who have penises that are between 5 and 7 inches in length when they are erect and was designed to support the average consumer starting out.
Three color options are that are available for the Hydro7 available: white, red, and blue.
When purchased directly on the Bathmate website, all of the company’s hydropumps are covered by a 60-day refund policy during which there are no questions asked with a two-year guarantee as well as free delivery.
Since Bathmate has distribution centers all across the globe, the majority of orders will be fulfilled within 5 business days and all items are delivered in unremarkable packaging that is unmarked.
Bathmate HydroMax Series
The Hydromax line of vacuum penis pumps is the most commonly utilized penis pump in the world and has a customer satisfaction score that is higher than 95 percent of customers who were interviewed.
This pump is more powerful than the Hydro7 one, making it suitable for those who are looking for an increase in size that is gradual, but not overwhelming or those with an the length of their erection that is greater than seven inches.
Bathmate HydroXtreme Series
The HydroXtreme series is designed specifically for advanced users who want to make maximum gains in size as swiftly as they can.
The Bathmate HydroXtreme penis pump has handballs as an additional component that assists in maximizing the pressure, and also provides an additional 35 percent suction than other pumps.
The HydroXtreme line from Bathmate includes five distinct versions that come with an accessory kit for free.
If you’re looking for customers who’ve outgrown traditional vacuum penis pumps, the HydroXtreme product line includes options ranging in size from HydroXtreme5 and up until the HydroXtreme11.
The HydroXtreme11 is the biggest penis pump ever to have been invented.
Cleaning Kit ($46.98). An assortment of tools to maintain the quality that your pumps provide.
This kit is crucial even though it incurs an additional charge at the time of checkout.
This is because there is a potential for high bacterial growth in warm water The pump also needs to be maintained clean to ensure that the rubber will maintain its malleability.
Cushion Rings ($14.98. Additional cushion rings that can be placed on the pump’s base before use to make the procedure of pressing the seal into your pubic bone a more pleasurable and less painful experience.
The Capsule Travel Case ($46.98). A durable case that will shield your pump from damage and keep your personal information private while traveling.SHOP BATHMATE
How to Get the Most Gains with Your Bathmate Hydropump
What is Jelqing?
Bathmate suggests using jelqing for a manual exercise that can be used alongside bathmate’s Bathmate Hydropumps.
Jalqing originates from the Middle East as a rite of passage dating back to ancient Arabic civilizations. Jelqing is useful in warming up the tissues of the penis, preventing the retention of fluid, as well as training and preparing your penis in a secure manner to prepare for the more intense pressures that are exerted to the penis by the hydraulic pump.
In addition to the Bathmate Hydropump, you should make jelqing an element of your daily routine.
1) Make sure that the penis is warm and pliable before expanding the flow of blood by applying warm water to the region.
This will enable the penis to expand more easily.
2) Apply lube, and by using a firm grasp to encircle the bottom on your semi-erect cock.
Repeat this process several times. When you use the grip, make sure you only apply pressure in one direction, working from the base to the tip. Additionally, you should avoid pulling the foreskin back.
3.) It is essential to never jelq an entire erection. Beginners should stop jelqing after their penis is at 50 per cent of an active erection following one hundred fifty reps.
The percentage could be increased to seventy five percent, and then to ninety percent; however, beginners should never jelq with full erections.
Build a Workout Routine With Your Bathmate’s Hydropump
It’s essential to keep pumping your pump if you’re hoping to increase your penile size and keep the ones you already have. Doing this will help you sustain those gains.
It involves forming a routine workout routine that is tailored to your personal time limitations goals, objectives, and the amount of effort you think you are capable of exerting.
The advocates of the Bathmate Hydropump who have more experience categorize routines as either “Newbie,” “Intermediate,” or “Advanced.”
No matter if you’ve been using jelqing for a long time, the level will be determined by the degree to which familiar you are with the Bathmate Hydropumps.
It is crucial not to overdo the exercise and gradually progress to more intense exercises when using a pump for vacuum and this is because of the same reason it is essential not to do too much when you are building muscle.
You are able to experiment using the many Bathmate Hydropump routines offered in every level to see which make your penis respond the most favorably.
A simple routine suitable for beginners could be as follows:
- Week 1 and 2 2: Pumping sessions lasting 5 to 10 minutes four times every week.
- Week 3 & 4: Pumping sessions of between 10 and 15 minutes 5 times each week.
- Week 5 and 6: Pumping sessions of 15 to 20 minutes, six times every week.
Make sure you get at least one day of relaxation each week is crucial, and that you should not exceed six sessions.SHOP BATHMATE
Alternative Vacuum Penis Pumps to the Bathmate Hydropump
Bathmate Hydraulic penis pumps as proven by its award in the Venus award for best new product in 2014, and the prize for the most effective male enhancement device in 2012.
Penomet as with Bathmate is basically a water-based vacuum pump that can be utilized for showers, the bath, or even as a typical air penis pump.
Its versatility is what makes it a good choice.
Penomet uses the AquaPressure technology to deliver ideal vacuum pressure.
Penomet pumps are adjustable made of polycarbonate plastics that the company claims are virtually unbreakable.
Additionally, they have five gaiters made from medical-grade silicone. Each has different suction power.
When you buy a Penomet with all 5 gaiters, you’ll have the ability to use the same pump as the very first time you use it to the end of numerous years of penile enhancement and further training. Making use of different models of Bathmate
Once your penis grows by a specific percentage, all additional gains you achieve are limited to maintenance only until you upgrade to a model with an increased size as well as a greater suction. It’s simpler to track your progress in the realms of expansion, training, or recovery if you only use one model. Penomet products are available in a range of sizes that include The Force 60, 65, 70 and 75 as well as their Extreme Force 80 and X85 Monster Gaiter The latter is the main rival to Bathmate’s HydroXtreme11.
Over 10 years of study and testing, it was found that using Penomet devices for six months and 6 sessions per week lead to up to a 20 per cent increase in length and a 30 percent increase in thickness and a boost on the quality overall of an sexual erection.
Penomet, similar to Bathmate offers a money back assurance for the first sixty days, and a warranty that is valid for three years. A warranty of two years is provided by Bathmate.
The initial investment is the main drawback of Penomet penis pumps compared to Bathmate Hydropumps.
In comparison to Bathmate HydroXtreme11, which retails at $399, the Penomet Premium package, which comprises gaiters that range from the basic gaiter up and up to Extreme Force 80 gaiter, is priced at a suggested retail value of $457. Bathmate Kaufen