Bathmate Micro Tears
In our evaluation of the Bathmate, we covered the entire penis pumps in the Hydro series, including the Hydro, Hydromax, and Hydroextreme models. We provide in-depth testing and analysis. Bathmate Micro Tears
With over one million delighted customers, a satisfaction level of 95 percent and a unique technique that increases penis size by an average of 2-3 inches to up to 5
Bathmate’s penis pumps that are vacuum-filled are a major player in the market for products to enhance the male appearance.
The reason is that it can be used as treatment for erectile disfunction or Peyronie’s disease, recovery after prostate surgery, a dramatic rise in penis length as well as girth or enhanced sexual pleasure: erectile dysfunction (ED) and Peyronie’s Disease (Peyronie’s) and increased sexual pleasure: erectile enhancement
Everything you need to know about Bathmate Hydropumps can be found in this article.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review: What is Bathmate Penis Pump?
The following are the four main components you should know:
1.) The Tube in which you are supposed to put your penis.
2) The Comfort Ring It is worn around the base on the male male genitalia (without testing the testicles). The reason why it is called this is because it is possible to press the Bathmate firmly into your body, which blocks air from entering the body and causes the formation of an air vacuum. You will not be able to expand in the length of your penis or increase its circumference if the seal you have isn’t correct.
3) The Pump. When you press the penis against your pelvic seat then the water is ejected by your grip, and then when you release your grip, the penis gets “pumped” through the creation of vacuum pressure. The penis is made of a resilient skin that can be used repeatedly. It is completely in control due to the ability to squeeze lightly or firmly.
4) The Latch Valve. It allows you to alter the pressure and can be opened and closed by using only one hand due the ergonomic shape.
How Does a Bathmate Hydropump Work?
If the tub is filled up with water from The Bath or Shower, the water pushes air out from the inside of the tube.
After inserting your penis in the tube, you then apply your Bathmate tightly against your body, at the penis’s base while holding it inside the tube.
Because the comfort ring press against your body it’s difficult for air to pass through and create the formation of a vacuum.
When you take water out of your tube, an natural process causes the vacuum pressure to suck the blood from your penis.
This draws blood into your penis to offset the pressure shift inside the tube, which puts little pressure on your heart. An erection is caused by an increase in the flow of blood around the penis, and its duration is determined by how sexually stimulated the individual is.
An erection could last up to half an hour. If you’re looking to increase the size of your penis you will need to exercise regularly.
Gains on the dimensions of the penis require a regimen in the same way that the growth of muscles does.
Bathmate suggests using your water pump every day for at least 4-6 months for an average of 15 minutes which is broken down into three times that last 5 minutes per session (a total of three 5 minute uses).
As your penis grows larger, you will need to replace your old Bathmate with one that is one size larger.
Similar the way you raise the weight of dumbbells you use when lifting weights.
How Do I Use a Bathmate Hydropump?
Whichever penile pump you choose from the Bathmate Hydropump product line–the Hydro7, the HydroMax, or the HydroExtreme–you pick the one that will help you reach your goals with the greatest efficiency the method in which you apply each product to your penis will be similar.
1.) Take five moments to soak warm water to soften the skin on your penis and scrotum.
This can reduce the chance that your testicles will get drawn into the unit. If you are ready to use the Bathmate device, make sure to make sure your testicles stay away from the tube by bringing them back using your hand that isn’t being used to place the device.
Even if there is no chance of being injured in this circumstance It would be uncomfortable.
2) When you’re at the bathroom, hold the Bathmate upside down, so that it’s being sprayed by water, however, make sure the black hole at the top of the device is sealed.
You do not need to shut the clasp on your Bathmate when you plan to use your bath in the tub; all you need to do is submerge the gadget in the water.
3.) 3. Place your penis that is sagging in the tube and press your Bathmate firmly on your pubic bone to make sure the tube is securely sealed.
It is possible to use the Bathmate penis pump can be inclined either downwards or upwards depending on what feels more comfortable to the person using it.
4) To start pumping to begin, remove the black cap from the device’s bottom and then lift the cap.
Every time you pump, it will trigger small bursts of liquid to be expelled.
You will feel your penis being drawn into the chamber. You will also notice stretch of the skin on your front.
Due to the pressure shift, the blood vessels in the penile region will start to expand and lead to the formation of an intimate erection.
Because of the way that water distorts your vision, the circumference of your penis will appear as if it’s grown.
5) Before withdrawing you penis out of the tube, remove the quick-release valve by pulling the valve cap upwards to let the vacuum out.
This should be done prior to taking your penis off the tube. If your Bathmate isn’t inserted securely enough into your pubic bone in order to seal your device properly, pumping it while you’re showering can be more difficult since air can get in and cause a decrease in suction.
This happens if the device is not secured properly.
Begin pumping when the black cap on the top of the device is removed. If you don’t the water will pour out of your Bathmate Hydropump. If you find that air is getting stuck between the comfort ring and the pump, you may be able to remove the comfort ring prior filling it and changing it after pumping helps make the process easier.
Greater pressure can be achieved with shorter, quicker pumps while lower pressure could be achieved using slower pumps.
It is beneficial to let off the vacuum, refill the device, then start pumping 2 or 3 times throughout a 15 to 20 minute session.
This will enable you to achieve the most significant gains possible from every workout.SHOP BATHMATE
Are Bathmate Hydropumps Safe To Use?
When used appropriately and the instructions that are provided from the company are followed, the Bathmate vacuum pumps will not cause any harmful undesirable side effects and are non-invasive.
Penis extenders are an alternative to the traditional penis pumps. Penis injuries can happen as well, but one of the most common causes is the excessive pumping of the sexual organs.
If it is done too often or over a prolonged time, over-pumping and misuse can cause injury to the tissues, which may result in less sexual erections.
“Men will over-pump,” says Dr. Christopher Fox, a senior lecturer in sexual health at the University of Sydney.
Because of this, there is a risk of injuries to the penis’s vascular system.
It is highly recommended that the procedure is carried out by a sex therapist who is aware of the procedure or an additional pumper with previous knowledge of the procedure.
The recommendation of experienced users is to ensure the water is warm, massaging the penis with a massage to warm up muscles prior to beginning the exercise.
Begin by introducing a beginner’s program that lasts between five to ten minutes every day.
Gradually, you can progress to sessions lasting twenty minutes.
There’s an exception to this rule in the case of taking warfarin or another kind of anticoagulant that thins blood, or have any other medical condition that impacts how your blood forms clots.
What are the conditions that permit Bathmate Hydropumps or any other penile pump can be considered to be safe?
Fluid retention is among the negative effects that is commonly associated with utilizing penile pumps that are water-based.
It occurs when the suction that has drawn blood flow into the penis is also drawing in fluid. This is a sign that the penis is at its maximum capacity.
In the course of this, the skin that covers the penis gets swollen and the penis’s circumference also expands.
This does not have any impact on the growth of the penis, but it may cause an appearance of a doughnut on the bottom on the penile’s eyelids.
After twenty-four hours, the problem should be off, though it is dependent on the amount of fluid retention you’ve got. According to the guidelines provided by Bathmate according to Bathmate, the most efficient method to avoid fluid retention is to split longer sessions of 15-20 minutes into shorter ones of 4-5 minutes.
Which is Better, Bathmate Hydropumps or Traditional Air Pumps?
Short answer Short answer: Bathmate Hydropumps.
The benefits inherent to warm water, which makes the tissues of the penis more pliable and further improves the flow of blood through vascular dilation, are utilized in Bathmate pumps to enhance their effectiveness.
Warmth has a conditioning impact on nerves, which prevents the discomfort that occurs during stretching the muscles, something those who utilize standard air vacuum pumps frequently report experiencing.
The same effect can be reproduced by applying an icy towel to the penis for a couple of minutes prior to using a traditional pump.
However, if you use the pump prior to playing the time you spend on preparation equals less time away from the game.
It’s clear which one of two options – having the feature included in your routine for pumping or adding an additional step-will offer you the greatest level of convenience.
When using air pumps, lubrication is required to maintain the penis supple throughout the stretching process However, this requirement is not necessary by using water.
Water is more dense than air, and can provide the same distribution throughout the penis due to this property.
Bruising is one of the effects that can be triggered by air pumps. It’s due to parts of the penis having excess pressure that is applied due to an uneven distribution of air.
It could cause bleeding under the skin as well as teeny-tiny red spots on the penis. A gauge that shows the current pressure is usually found on pumps that are traditional.
If you reach too high there’s no way to relieve the pressure and air will continue to get compressed inside the tube even if there is no method to release it.
It is up to you to decide what is sufficient pressure and to make sure it isn’t exceeded.
Do you know what the ideal pressure is for a certain circumstance?
If you pump too quickly or excessively the one-finger valve of Bathmate Hydropumps will automatically relieve the pressure.
It is possible to pump the maximum profits with no risk of injury due to the construction of Bathmate that stops water from entering the tube, and consequently, pressure from the very beginning.SHOP BATHMATE
What are Bathmate Penis Pumps Used For?
According to the findings of a poll carried out in 2020 by Bathmate, they discovered that 70% of respondents had seen an increase in size.
Premature ejaculation. A mild numbing effect can be obtained by using a Bathmate Hydropump 5-10 minutes right prior to engaging in sexual activities.
This effect may assist the sexual activity to continue for longer. It is also possible to prevent premature ejaculation through training your penis to stay erect for extended durations with no expectation of sexual release.
This is a different method of to avoid premature ejaculation. Even if your penis may be pressing against your Bathmate but you won’t be in a position to feel relief from pumping your legs unless you get it removed first.
Harder erections. The same survey was conducted at the end of 2020, conducted by Bathmate 76% of the respondents reported having stronger erections.
Furthermore you can achieve this by utilizing the pump prior to engaging in sexual activities while wearing a penis band.
Once you’ve taken off your Bathmate the bandage will stop the blood that has been drawn into your penis from flowing out as quickly.
It will help keep your erection in more time, while preparing you for your future partner.
It is important to be aware that the ring must fit snugly against the body for the erection to remain and can cause discomfort for some men.
Stimulation of male organs for sexual stimulation and play. When you get an erection, you may feel intense excitement, and when you consistently have a powerful erection your desire to have sexual experiences may rise.
Vacuum penis pumps create erections while they are being used but they also have the capacity to increase the amount of natural erections, as well as stronger orgasms.
Penis pumps produce a sucking sensation that can be quite enjoyable.
Additionally, they can be used for masturbation as and for foreplay in the areas of edging, light control and total domination.
They are incredibly flexible and adaptable toys.
Despite the fact that they weren’t intended to be used on other body parts, you can still get inventive using these pumps.
The pump can be utilized on the clitoris, nostrils, as well as other erogenous areas without any danger.
Bathmate Penis Pumps Review For Erectile Dysfunction
Oral medicines or pharmaceuticals that are pushed via the tip of your penis into the tube that is inside, shots that you inject through your penis as well as surgically installed penile implants all have the potential to produce adverse effects and may not work or could be very dangerous.
Bathmate Hydropumps, when used correctly, increase the oxygenation of penile tissues, which can help in maintaining penis length following an operation to remove the prostatectomy.
Additionally, they help to limit the likelihood of aberrant fibrous tissue growing within the penis, helping to ensure the erectile functions are maintained.
Men with erectile dysfunction who use vacuum penis pumps are able to get a hard erection and have a noticeable improvement in their sexual pleasure.
The range of this percentage is between 80-90 percent.
The usage of a Bathmate hydropump for treating erectile dysfunction is when compared with other treatments more affordable in the long term, and non-invasive and is able to be utilized alongside other medications.
It can also aid men in regaining their sexual function following surgery.
In treating erectile disfunction with the Bathmate Hydropump you have the option of making use of it right before engaging in sexual activity to stimulate the flow of blood and produce an erection.
You can also build a regular routine in which you make use of it every day for a minimum of five days every week and work your way up to 20-minute sessions on a regular basis.
This will enhance how natural your erections are, eliminating the need for you to resort to using Bathmate before to sexual activity.
Penis Pumps & Prostate Health
The shrinkage of the penile and the damage to nerves are both frequent complications following prostatectomy, occurring in approximately 70 percent of patients, and both side effects get worse over time.
Studies conducted in clinical settings have proven that those who make use of a vacuum penis pump are able to keep an appropriate size for their penis prior surgery and recuperate sexual function faster following surgery.
A lack of natural erections could be due to postoperative nerve injury, which can lead to a deficiency in the amount of oxygen that is reaching tissue of penis. It is possible that a deficiency in oxygen can lead to the development of fibrous tissue, and consequently of this, long-term erectile dysfunction.
On the basis of numerous studies, doctors recommend the use of penis vacuum pumps during rehabilitation in order to boost circulation of oxygen through the penis, and also to help maintain the tissues.
This helps to prevent this from occurring. In an study that was conducted in 2011 13 men who underwent prostatectomy combined the use of a penis pump and tadalafil (20 mg 3 times weekly and daily pump usage five days per week), and the results were compared to the control group of seven men who received 20 mg of Tadalafil by itself.
The control group experienced significantly less improvement in erectile dysfunction.
Those who used the penis pump had higher scores for penile hardness on the International Index of Erectile Function.
Furthermore, 92 percent the men who used the penis pump were able to achieve intercourse to orgasm, while the 29 percent who were men in the tadalafil-only category could achieve it.
After the procedure, another 42 men started using the penile pump on a regular basis for a total duration of 90 consecutive days.
Only one of the men had a decrease in length of the penile of at the very least 0.4 inches.
Compared to the average of 48 percent of males who experience a substantial reduction in the length of their peniles following prostatectomy and are not treated with rehabilitation using penis pumps, the proportion of men who benefit from this method is considerably more.
Penis pumps that utilize the use of a vacuum have shown a clear and significant impact.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review For Peyronie’s Disease
Peyronie’s disease is a noncancerous illness where the penis grows fibrous scar tissue that results in erections that are painfully bent and painful.
The reason for this is the development of Peyronie’s disease.
Peyronie’s disease can hinder the ability of a man to engage in sexual activity, trigger Erectile dysfunction, and also shorten the penile shaft.
The pressure placed on penis with penis pumps that are vacuum-operated can cause plaque to break down or be repaired. This eventually results in the penis curvature becoming more straight.
The efficacy of vacuum penis pumps was studied over the course of a year as part of a study which involved 31 males suffering from Peyronie’s Disease.
The treatment resulted in significant improvement in the penis’ length, and the curve of the penis also improved in 21 of the males.
People with the condition must only utilize the penis pump when their condition has not changed for at least 3 months and their curvature has not become severe after two sessions per day for a period of several months.
This is a vital thing to remember.
Do Bathmate Penis Pumps Increase Penis Size?
As per the doctor Dr. Christopher Fox, “Men who use penile pumps recreationally report big gains in sizes. Of course, the size decreases if you don’t maintain the pump, but men who do report significant gains in sizes.”
Based on the findings of clinical research, patients who use vacuum penis pumps as treatment for erectile dysfunction have the highest levels of satisfaction overall.
Bathmate has the claim substantiation page on their site that includes impartial reviews, results, endorsements, and before-and-after videos of people with healthy penises who claim to gain 30 percent in the length of their penis and in girth after using the product for six months.
Based on a survey conducted by 2020 on 12,000 customers of Bathmate, 81 percent claimed having greater erections and 70.6% reported having longer erections after using the product for two months.
When only the HydroXtreme was considered, 92.9 percent of users reported noticeably improved erections, and 80 percent experienced longer or better erections, or both.
The size of your penis will increase in length and circumference as you continue to utilize it frequently.
You will, however, need to continue utilizing your Bathmate if you want your gains to last.
If you do not keep up with the workout, you’ll get rid of the results, much as when you’re working to build muscle in the gym.
There is very little evidence that these devices create any lasting benefits in size, according to Professor Wylie, who is a consultant in the field of sexual medicine. In a study that was published in 2011 and titled ” Non-invasive methods of penile lengthening: fact or fiction,” the researchers arrived at the conclusion that there was no evidence to back the belief that penis pumps result in permanent changes in size, even when they are not used continuously.
The size of the penile can be maintained for longer in men who utilize an penis pump between three and five times per week for twenty minutes, but if they stop pumping for even a few days, their penis shrinks back at the same size as it did prior to when they started pumping it. However, if the penis is pumped, you will see a brief increase in size.
By using it for a long time an already larger penis will not just be maintained but also substantially augmented in size.
It’s enough for some men, and when put into perspective, how is a regular 20-minute exercise different from a skincare routine or a workout that’s the same length, in the event that the result is a substantial boost in confidence at night?SHOP BATHMATE
Which Bathmate Hydropump is Best for Me?
Bathmate Hydropump Bathmate Hydropump product line is available in a variety of sizes, and the product that is right for you will depend on more than the size you have, but also on the goals you intend to achieve by using the vacuum penis pump.
If your normal penis size is that amount of inches or lower when it is erect and straight, the model of the product that’s best suited to your needs will be HydroMax3.HydroMax3 model of the product.
Other examples of models with numbers include the HydroMax5 model and the HydroMax7 model.
If you’d like to use the HydroMax5 penis, you’ll require a penis that stands at four inches or more; for the HydroMax7 penis, you’ll require one that is at seven inches or more; and so on. It is essential to choose the correct size for your Bathmate hydropump to get the best outcomes.
This helps establish a baseline that can be established for future improvements but, if the pump is not of the correct size, you will not get the right pressure, which may result in either no results, outcomes that are less impressive, or an unpleasant experience.
How to Correctly Measure Your Penis Size
1.) Measure yourself using your penis upright.
Penis length is determined along the top of the penis which is the side facing yourself when you look at yourself from the side.
It is not measured on the penis’s bottom which is located closer to the testicles.
2.) If you have excess fat or pubic hair pushed away from you, measure length in inches of your tailbone all the way back towards your pubic bone.
3.) To measure girth, carefully wrap the tape around your shaft at the point where it is the thickest.
Make a note of where the two tape ends meet.
To begin using the Bathmate’s size calculator website to determine the most suitable pump for your dimensions just enter your length and girth measurements in the units of measurement you prefer.
The Bathmate Hydropump Product Line
Bathmate provides Bathmate’s Hydro7 kit for users who are new to the sport and HydroMax and the HydroMax and HydroMax Wide Boy for experienced users and HydroXtreme and the HydroXtreme as well as the HydroXtreme Wide Boy for experienced users who want to achieve the highest increase in size. All of the products can be found on their website.
Hydro7, formerly “Bathmate”
The first pump from Bathmate was a hydropump that was released on the market by the brand name “Bathmate Hercules.” Hydro7 revolutionized the market for penile pumps since it was water-based and priced half the price of its closest rival.
The Hydro7 is suitable for people with penises between 5 and 7 inches in length when they are erect and was designed to support the ordinary consumer beginning off.
Three colors are that are available for the Hydro7 three colors: white, red and blue.
When ordered directly from the Bathmate website All of Bathmate’s hydropumps come with a sixty-day guarantee of refund, where there is no question asked and a two-year warranty as well as free delivery.
Since Bathmate has distribution warehouses around the world The majority of orders will be processed within five business days, and the items are delivered in unremarkable, unmarked packaging.
Bathmate HydroMax Series
The Hydromax series of vacuum penis pumps are the largest and most extensively utilized penis pump in the world. It also has a high customer satisfaction rate that is higher than that of 95 percent of those who were interviewed.
This pump is more powerful than the Hydro7, making it suitable for those who are looking for gradual but significant growth or who have a beginning sexual length that is more than 7 inches.
Bathmate HydroXtreme Series
The HydroXtreme series is designed specifically for advanced users looking to make maximal growth in size as fast as possible.
The Bathmate HydroXtreme penis pump has handballs as an additional part that assists in maximizing the pressure and gives an additional 35 percent suction than similar pumps.
The HydroXtreme line of Bathmate has five different versions, each of which comes with an accessory kit for free.
For customers who have outgrown the conventional penis pump, the HydroXtreme range of products offers options ranging in size from HydroXtreme5 and up until the HydroXtreme11.
HydroXtreme11 HydroXtreme11 is the largest penis pump ever to have been created.
Cleaning Kit ($46.98). An assortment of tools to keep the high quality the pump.
This kit is vital even though it will cost you an additional cost at the time of checkout.
This is due to a potential for high bacteria growth in warm water and the pump has to be maintained free of dirt so that the rubber can remain malleable.
Cushion Rings ($14.98. Additional cushion rings that can be placed on the pump’s base prior to use, making the procedure of pressing the seal into your pubic bone a more pleasant and less painful.
The Capsule Travel Case ($46.98). A sturdy case that protects your pump from damage and keep your personal information private while you travel.SHOP BATHMATE
How to Get the Most Gains with Your Bathmate Hydropump
What is Jelqing?
Bathmate suggests the usage of jelqing as a manual workout to be utilized in conjunction with the Bathmate Hydropumps.
Jalqing originates from the Middle East as a rite of passage dating to the earliest Arabic civilizations. Jelqing is helpful in warming up the penile tissues, stopping fluid retention, and training and preparing your penis in a safe manner to handle the higher pressures exerted by the hydropump.
In addition to the Bathmate Hydropump, you should make jelqing part of your regular practice.
1) Make sure that the penis is warmed up and pliable before expanding blood flow by applying hot water or a warm towel over the region.
This will help the penis expand more easily.
2.) Apply lube and, with a good finger grip to encircle the bottom of the semi-erectcock.
Repeat this process many times. When you move this grip, it is important to only apply pressure in one direction, working from the base to the tip, and you must be careful not to pull the foreskin back.
3) It is crucial that you never jelq with an entire erection. Beginners should stop jelqing once their penis is at fifty percent of an effective erection following one hundred fifty reps.
This percentage can be increased to seventy five percent, and then to ninety percent; however, beginners should never jelq with full erections.
Build a Workout Routine With Your Bathmate’s Hydropump
It’s essential to keep pumping the pump if you want to gain penile growth and also keep the ones you already have. Doing this will allow you to maintain the gains.
This involves creating a consistent program of exercise that is adapted to your time constraints, goals, and the amount of effort you believe you can put into it.
Advocates of the Bathmate Hydropump with more experience categorize routines as “Newbie,” “Intermediate,” or “Advanced.”
No matter if you’ve used jelqing for a lengthy period of time, your experience is determined by how experienced you are with the Bathmate Hydropumps.
It is important not to overdo it and to gradually increase to more intense exercises when using a pump for vacuum and this is for the same reason that it is important not to do too much when you are building muscles.
You can play around using the many Bathmate Hydropump routines that are available inside each level to determine which ones cause your penis to respond most positively.
A simple routine that is suitable for beginners would be as follows:
- Week 1 & 2: Pumping sessions of 5-10 minutes, 4 times per week.
- Week 3 and 4 Sessions of pumping that last 10-15 minutes, 5 times every week.
- Week 5 & 6: Pumping sessions of between 15 and 20 mins, six times every week.
Remember that getting at least one day of relaxation each week is essential and you should not exceed six sessions.SHOP BATHMATE
Alternative Vacuum Penis Pumps to the Bathmate Hydropump
Bathmate hydraulic penis pumps as proven by its award of it the Venus award for best new product in 2014 and the award for best male enhancement equipment in 2012.
Penomet is similar to Bathmate is in essence an air-based vacuum pump that may be used in the shower, the bath, or even as a typical penis air pump.
Penomet’s versatility is what makes it a good choice.
Penomet makes use of the AquaPressure technology to create the ideal vacuum pressure.
Penomet pumps are adjustable made from polycarbonate polymers that , according to the company, are almost unbreakable. Furthermore, they make five different gaiters made from medical-grade silicone that each have different suction strength.
If you purchase a Penomet with all 5 gaiters, you’ll have the ability to use the same pump that you used the first time you use it through numerous years of penile enhancement and further training. Making use of different models of Bathmate
As soon as your penis is growing by a specific percentage, all additional gains you make are limited to maintenance only until you upgrade to a model that is an increased size and a more powerful suction. It’s easier to track your progress in areas of training, expansion or recovery if you only use one model. Penomet products are available in a range of sizes, including the Force 60, 65, 70 and 75 as well as their Extreme Force 80 and X85 Monster Gaiter The latter is the principal rival to Bathmate’s HydroXtreme11.
After more than 10 years of study and testing, it was discovered that Penomet devices used for six months, with the requirement of six sessions per week, led to as much as a twenty per cent increase in length as well as a 30 percent increase in thickness, and an improvement on the quality overall of an erection.
Penomet, much like Bathmate offers a money back guarantee for the first 60 days as well as a guarantee that is valid for three years. Two-year warranty is offered by Bathmate.
The initial investment is the main drawback for Penomet penis pumps when compared with Bathmate hydropumps.
Comparing it to the Bathmate HydroXtreme11, which retails at $399, the Penomet Premium package, which comprises all gaiters from the basic gaiter up through the Extreme Force 80 gaiter, is priced at a suggested retail value of $457. Bathmate Micro Tears