Bathmate Pump Injury
In our review of the Bathmate, we covered the entire penis pumps included in the Hydro series, including Hydromax, Hydro, Hydromax, and Hydroextreme models. We provide in-depth testing and analysis. Bathmate Pump Injury
With more than one million satisfied customers, a satisfaction rate of 95 and a patent-pending method which increases the size of the penis to an average 2 to 3 inches up to 5,
Bathmate’s vacuum penis pumps have a commanding presence in the market for male enhancement products.
Whether it be as a treatment for erectile dysfunction or Peyronie’s disease, recovery from prostate cancer, an astronomical growth in the length of the penis as well as girth or an increase in sexual pleasure: erectile dysfunction (ED) or Peyronie’s disease (Peyronie’s) and increased sexual pleasure due to erectile augmentation
Everything you need to be aware of about Bathmate Hydropumps is included within this post.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review: What is Bathmate Penis Pump?
These are the four most important components that you must comprehend:
1) The Tube where you are expected to place your penis.
2) The Comfort Ring It is placed at the base on the male male genitalia (without any testicles). The reason for the name is due to the fact that it allows you to push the Bathmate tightly into your body. This prevents any air from entering and results in the development of a vacuum. It is not possible to expand the size of your penis or increase its circumference if your seal isn’t correct.
3) The Pump. When you press the penis against your pelvic seat then the water is ejected as you relax your grip, the penis is “pumped” by creating a vacuum pressure. The penis is a tough skin that can endure repeated usage. It is completely in control due to the ability to squeeze lightly or firmly.
4) The Latch Valve. This lets you to customize the pressure. It is able to be closed and opened with only one hand thanks to its ergonomic design.
How Does a Bathmate Hydropump Work?
If the tub is filled up with water from The Bath or Shower, the water pushes air out from the inside of the tube.
After you have inserted your penis into the tube, place your Bathmate tightly against your body, at the bottom of your penis while holding it inside the tube.
Because the comfort ring press against your body it is impossible for any air to get in the ring, which creates a vacuum.
When you pump water out of the tube, a natural reaction causes the vacuum pressure to suck in blood to your penis.
This is a way to draw blood into your penis to counteract the change in pressure inside the tube.
This puts minimal pressure on your heart. An erection is caused by an increase in the flow of blood to the penis, and its duration is determined by how sexually stimulated the person is.
The erection may last for up to half an hour. If you are looking to increase its size you will need to exercise it on a regular basis.
Growth in the size of your penis are a requirement for a program in the same way that muscular growth does.
Bathmate recommends using your water pump every day for at least 4 to 6 months for fifteen minutes in total which is broken down into three times of 5 minute each (a total of 3 x 5 minute usages).
As your penis expands as it gets larger, you’ll need to replace your current Bathmate with one which is one size bigger.
Similar to the way you’d increase the size of the dumbbells you are using when lifting weights.
How Do I Use a Bathmate Hydropump?
Whatever penile pump from the Bathmate Hydropump product line–the Hydro7 or the HydroMax or the HydroExtreme, which you choose as the one that will assist you reach your goals with the greatest efficiency, the manner in which you apply each product to your penis will be similar.
1.) Allow yourself 5 minute to immerse yourself in the warm water to soften the skin on your scrotum and penis.
This will reduce the likelihood that your testicles are drawn inside the unit. When you are ready to make use of the Bathmate gadget, keep your testicles away from the tube by bringing them back using the hand that is not being used to place the device.
Even if there’s no chance of being injured in this circumstance however, it will be quite uncomfortable.
2) While you’re at the bathroom, hold the Bathmate upside down until it’s being sprayed by water, but ensure that the black hole on the top of the device is shut.
You do not need to secure the clasp of your Bathmate when you plan to use your bath in the tub; all you need to do is immerse the device in water.
3.) Put your penis that is sagging into the tube , pressing your Bathmate tightly on your pubic bone .
This will ensure that the gadget is properly sealed.
The Bathmate penis pump can be tilted either downwards or upwards, depending on which feels more comfortable to the user.
4.) To start pumping to begin, remove the black cap from the device’s top and then open the cap.
Every time you pump, this will cause small bursts of liquid to be released.
The penis being pulled into the chamber, and you will also feel that your skin is stretched.
In the wake of the change in pressure the blood vessels in your penile area start to expand that will result in the development of an erection.
Because of the way the water distorts your vision the circumference of your penis will look as if it’s grown.
5) Before you remove your penis from the tube, remove the quick-release valve by pulling the valve cap inwards to relieve the vacuum.
This must be done prior to taking your penis off the tube. If your Bathmate isn’t placed securely enough in the pubic bone to secure it, then pumping it while you shower may be more difficult since air can get in and decrease suction.
This happens when the device isn’t correctly sealed.
Pumping should begin when the black cap on the top of the device has been removed; if you don’t then water will leak from your Bathmate Hydropump. If you discover that air is getting stuck between the comfort ring as well as the pump may discover that taking off the comfort ring prior to filling it and replacing it at the time of pumping makes the process simpler.
More pressure can be obtained by using pumps that are shorter and faster, whereas lower pressure can be achieved by using slow pumps.
It is helpful to release the vacuum, refill the apparatus, and start pumping 2 or 3 times during an hour-long session.
This will help you achieve the greatest gains you can through each workout.SHOP BATHMATE
Are Bathmate Hydropumps Safe To Use?
As long as they are used appropriately and the instructions given from the company are adhered to, the Bathmate vacuum pumps will not produce any adverse side effects and are completely non-invasive.
Penis extenders offer an alternative to the traditional penis pumps. Penis injuries are possible as well, but one of the most frequent causes is over-pumping of the male genitalia.
When performed too frequently or over a prolonged time, over-pumping and misuse can cause injury to the tissues, which could result in weaker and less painful erections.
“Men will over-pump,” says Dr. Christopher Fox, a senior lecturer in sexual health at the University of Sydney.
Due to this, there is a possibility of injuries to the vascular system of the penis.
It is highly recommended that the procedure be carried out with the guidance of either a sex therapist who knows the procedure or another pumper who has prior knowledge of the procedure.
The recommendation of experienced users is to make sure the water is warm, apply pressure to the penis in order to loosen muscles prior to starting the exercise, and begin by introducing a beginner’s program that lasts between five to ten minutes every day.
Gradually, you can progress to sessions that last twenty minutes.
There is a loophole to this rule in the case of taking warfarin or a different type of blood-thinning anticoagulant or have any condition that affects how your blood clots.
Which are the circumstances under which the use of Bathmate Hydropumps or any other penile pump can be considered to be safe?
Fluid retention is among the negative effects that is often associated with the use of penile pumps that are water-based.
It occurs when the suction that has drawn blood flow to the penis is also drawing in fluid. This indicates that the penis has reached its capacity to the max.
As a consequence of this the skin covering the penis gets swollen and the circumference of the penis also grows.
This has no effect on the growth of the penis. However, it could induce a doughnut-shaped enlargement at the top of your penile’s glans.
After twenty-four hours, the problem should be disappear, but it will depend on the amount of fluid retention you’ve got. According to the recommendations made by Bathmate The most effective method of avoiding fluid retention is to break longer sessions lasting between 15 and 20 minutes into shorter ones of 4-5 mins.
Which is Better, Bathmate Hydropumps or Traditional Air Pumps?
Short answer Answer: Bathmate Hydropumps.
The benefits inherent to warm water, making the tissues of the penis more pliable and further improves natural blood flow by dilation of the vascular system, are used in Bathmate pumps to enhance their effectiveness.
Warmth can have a cooling effect on nerves that prevents discomfort from occurring when stretching, which is something that those who utilize standard air vacuum pumps typically have reported experiencing.
This effect can be recreated by first applying an icy towel to the penis for a few minutes before using a conventional pump.
But, if you utilize the pump prior to playing, more time spent in preparation will mean less time away from playing.
It is evident which one of two options – having the feature integrated into your pumping routine or adding an extra step – will offer you the greatest level of convenience.
When using air pumps, it is necessary to keep the penis ‘ suppleness during the stretching process but this need can be avoided when water is utilized.
Water is more dense than air and offers a more equal dispersion across the penis as a result of this property.
Bruising is one of the negative effects of air pumps, and it’s caused by parts of the penis which have excessive pressure applied to them because of uneven air distribution.
It could cause bleeding beneath the skin and teeny-tiny red spots on the penis. A gauge that indicates the current pressure is usually present on conventional pumps.
If you exceed the maximum pressure there’s no way to release the pressure, and the air will continue get compressed inside the tube regardless of the means to vent it.
It is up to you to decide what is adequate pressure and make sure it isn’t exceeded.
Are you aware of the ideal pressure is for a specific situation?
In the event that you pump too quickly or excessively the one-finger valve of Bathmate Hydropumps will be able to relieve the pressure.
It is possible to pump for maximum profits with no risk of injury due to the construction of Bathmate, which prevents water from entering the tube, and as a result, the pressure is maintained from the beginning.SHOP BATHMATE
What are Bathmate Penis Pumps Used For?
Based on the results of a survey conducted in the year 2020 by Bathmate, they discovered that 70 percent of respondents had experienced an increase in size.
Premature ejaculation. The effect of numbing can be achieved using a Bathmate Hydropump for 5-10 minutes right prior to engaging in sexual activities.
This effect may assist the sexual activity to continue for longer. You can also avoid premature ejaculation by educating your penis to stay upright for longer times without the prospect of sexual release.
This is another way of stopping premature ejaculation. If your penis is pressing against your Bathmate, you won’t be in a position to feel relief by pumping your legs, unless you first remove it.
Harder erections. In the same survey conducted at the end of 2020, conducted by Bathmate, 76% of the respondents reported having more powerful erections.
Furthermore it is possible to achieve this by pumping prior to engaging in sexual activity wearing a penis band.
After you have removed your Bathmate the rings will stop the blood taken into the penis from draining as fast.
It will help keep your erection in an extended period of time, while preparing you for your future partner.
It is important to be aware that the ring must be secure against your body to allow the erection to last This can be uncomfortable for certain men.
Stimulation of the male organs for sexual stimulation and play. When you get an erection you might experience intense sensations of excitement as well as when you regularly have a powerful erection your desire to have sexual experiences may rise.
In addition, vacuum penis pumps cause erections when they are being used however, they also have the potential to increase the amount of natural erections and stronger orgasms.
Penis pumps produce a sucking feeling, which may be very delightful, and they are a great choice to masturbate as and for foreplay in edging, light control, and total domination.
This makes them extremely versatile and versatile toys.
Although they were not designed to be used on other body parts however, you are able to be inventive using the pumps.
The pump can be used on the clitoris area, the Nipples, as well as any other erogenous areas without any danger.
Bathmate Penis Pumps Review For Erectile Dysfunction
Oral medications, pharmaceuticals that are pushed via the penis’s tip into the tube within, shots that you inject through your penis and surgically implanted penile implants all are prone to cause adverse reactions or fail to function, or be downright hazardous.
Bathmate Hydropumps, when used properly, can increase the oxygenation of the penile tissues, which aids in maintaining penis length following a prostatectomy.
In addition, they can help limit the likelihood of aberrant fibrous tissue growing in the penis, which helps to preserve erectile function.
Men with erectile dysfunction who utilize vacuum penis pumps are able to get a hard erection and report a considerable improvement in their sexual pleasure.
This percentage ranges between 80-90 percent.
The use of a Bathmate Hydropump for treating erectile dysfunction is as compared to other treatment options cost-effective in the long haul, noninvasive and is able to be utilized in conjunction with other drugs.
In addition, it can aid men in regaining their erectile function following surgical operations.
When treating erectile dysfunction with the Bathmate Hydropump, you can have the option of either making use of it right before engaging in sexual activity to increase the flow of blood and create an erection, or building a regular routine in which you use it a minimum of five days every week and progress to 20 minutes of sessions on a daily basis.
This can improve the quality of your natural erections, eliminating the need for you to use Bathmate prior to engaging in sexual activity.
Penis Pumps & Prostate Health
Nerve damage and shrinkage of the penile are both frequent side effects after prostatectomy, which occur in around 70 percent of patients, and both effects become worse with time.
Research conducted in the clinical setting have demonstrated that individuals who utilize an in-situ penis pump can maintain the size of their penis prior surgery and get sexual function back faster following surgery.
A lack of natural erections may be the result of an injury to the nerve after surgery which may cause a decrease in the amount of oxygen reaching tissue of penis. It could be that a deficiency in oxygen may result in the formation of fibrous tissue, and consequently of this, long-term erectile dysfunction.
On the basis of numerous studies, doctors recommend using penis pumps during rehabilitation to help increase blood flow into the penis, and also to help maintain the tissue.
This can help to avoid this from happening. For instance, in a study carried out in 2011, 13 men undergoing prostatectomy teamed up with penis pumps and tadalafil (20 mg, three times a week and daily pump use five days weekly) The results were compared with the control group of seven men who took 20 mg of Tadalafil on its own.
The men in the control group had significantly less improvement in erectile dysfunction.
People who used the penis pump had higher scores for penile resistance on the International Index of Erectile Function.
In addition, 92 percent of the men in the penis pump group were able to go from a sexual relationship to orgasm, whereas just 29 percent the men in the tadalafil-only category were able to achieve this.
After surgery, another 42 men began using a penile pump on a daily basis for a period of 90 days.
Only one of the men had a decrease in length of the penile of at minimum 0.4 inches.
Compared to the average of 48 percent of men who experience a substantial reduction in length of the penile after prostatectomy, if they aren’t treated with rehabilitation using penis pumps.
The percentage of patients who receive this method is considerably higher.
Penis pumps that use a vacuum shown a definite and significant impact.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review For Peyronie’s Disease
Peyronie’s disease is a non-cancerous condition that causes the penis to develop fibrous scar tissue. This causes erections to be extremely painful and bent.
The reason for this is the development of Peyronie’s disease.
Peyronie’s disease may prevent the ability of a man to engage in sexual activities, cause erectile dysfunction, and shorten your penile shaft.
The pressure placed on penis through penis pumps that are vacuum-operated can cause plaque to degrade or be repaired. This ultimately causes the penis to curvature becoming more straight.
The efficacy of penis pumps with vacuum was investigated over the course of one year during a study that included 31 males suffering from Peyronie’s Disease.
The treatment led to considerable improvement in the length of the penis, and the curve of the penis also was improved in 21 males.
Patients with Peyronie’s disease should only use a penis pump if the condition hasn’t changed for at least three years and their curvature has not become extreme after two sessions per each day for at least a month.
This is a vital point to keep in mind.
Do Bathmate Penis Pumps Increase Penis Size?
According to the doctor Dr. Christopher Fox, “Men who use penile pumps recreationally report big gains in sizes. Of course, the size decreases if you don’t maintain the pump, but men who do report significant gains in sizes.”
Based on the results of clinical research, patients who use vacuum penis pumps as treatment for erectile dysfunction have an overall high level of satisfaction.
Bathmate has an claim substantiation page on their site that provides impartial reviews, outcomes and endorsements as well as before-and-after videos of people with healthy penises who claim to have gained 30 percent in penis length and girth following having used the product for six months.
According to a poll conducted by 2020 on 12,000 Bathmate customers Bathmate the product, 81 percent reported that they had more erections, and 70.6 percent said they had longer erections after using the product for 2 months.
If only HydroXtreme was considered, 92.9 percent of users reported noticeably improved erections, and 80 percent of them experienced longer or better erections, or both.
The size of your penis will increase in both circumference and length as you continue to utilize it regularly.
You will, however, have to keep using your Bathmate to ensure that the gains to last for.
If you do not keep up with the work, you’ll be unable to reap the benefits, much as when you’re trying to build muscle at the gym.
There is no evidence that suggests these devices can bring any lasting benefits in terms of size, according to Professor Wylie who is a consultant in the field of sexual medicine. In a study published in 2011, entitled ” Non-invasive methods of penile lengthening: fact or fiction,” the researchers concluded that there was no evidence to support the idea that penis pumping can cause permanent changes in size, even when they are not being used regularly.
The size of the penile may be maintained for longer time in men who use a penis pump three to five times a week for twenty minutes, but if they stop pumping for even a few days and their penis shrinks to the size it was before they began pumping. If the penis is pumped, it will experience a momentary rise in size.
By using it for a long time, an already enlarged penis can not only be maintained but also substantially augmented in size.
This is enough for certain men, but when viewed in context, how is a regular 20-minute workout any different from a skincare routine or a workout similar in length when the outcome is a considerable boost in confidence at night?SHOP BATHMATE
Which Bathmate Hydropump is Best for Me?
The Bathmate Hydropump product line is available in a variety of sizes, and the product that is right for you will not just be based on your existing size but also what you intend to achieve by using the vacuum penis pump.
If your normal penis size is this amount of inches or less when it’s erect and straight, the model of the product that is most suited for you would be that of theHydroMax3 model of the product.
Other models that have numbers are the HydroMax5 model and the HydroMax7 model.
If you’d like to use the HydroMax5 it will require a penis that stands at least 4 inches tall; for the HydroMax7 penis, you’ll require one that is at least 7 inches tall; and so on. It is essential to choose the appropriate dimensions for your Bathmate hydropump to achieve the greatest possible results from it.
This enables a baseline to be set for future improvements however, if the pump is not of the correct size, you may not receive the appropriate pressure, which could produce zero results, or result that is less appealing or even a negative experience.
How to Correctly Measure Your Penis Size
1) Take your measurement with your penis erect.
The length of the penis is measured along at the highest point of your penis, which is the side that is facing your face when you gaze at yourself from the side.
It is not measured along the bottom of the penis, which is closer to the testicles.
2.) With any excess fat or pubic hair pushed to the side, measure the distance in inches from your tailbone to your pubic bone.
3.) To determine girth, carefully wrap the tape around your shaft at the point where it is most thick and take note of where the two ends of the tape meet.
For a start, you can use the Bathmate’s size calculator website to determine the most suitable pump for your measurements, simply enter your length and girth measurements in the units of measurement of your choice.
The Bathmate Hydropump Product Line
Bathmate offers Bathmate’s Hydro7 kit for first-time users Bathmate also offers HydroMax and the HydroMax as well as the HydroMax Wide Boy for experienced users as well as the HydroXtreme as well as the HydroXtreme Wide Boy for experienced users striving for maximum increases in size. All of these products are available through their web site.
Hydro7 was formerly “Bathmate”
This was Bathmate’s first hydropump that was released to the market in 2006 under the name “Bathmate Hercules.” Hydro7 revolutionized the market for penile pumps since it was water-based and cost about half the price of its closest rival.
The Hydro7 is suitable for people with penises between 5 and 7 inches in length when they are erect and was developed to help the ordinary consumer beginning off.
There are three color options available for the Hydro7: red, white and blue.
When purchased directly on the Bathmate website All of Bathmate’s hydropumps come with a sixty-day guarantee of refund, where there are no questions asked, a 2-year warranty, as well as free delivery.
Because Bathmate has distribution warehouses all across the globe Most orders will be fulfilled within five business days, and the items will be delivered in non-descript packaging that is unmarked.
Bathmate HydroMax Series
The Hydromax line of penis vacuum pumps are the largest and most extensively utilized penis pump in the world. It also has a high customer satisfaction score that is higher than 92 % of the customers who were interviewed.
This pump has more power than the Hydro7, making it suitable for users who are looking for gradual but significant growth or those with an sexual length that is more than 7 inches.
Bathmate HydroXtreme Series
The HydroXtreme series is designed for users with advanced skills looking to make maximum gains in size as quickly as possible.
The Bathmate HydroXtreme penis pump has the handball as an additional component that helps increase pressure and provides an additional 35 percent suction than other pumps.
The HydroXtreme line of Bathmate includes five distinct versions, each of which comes with a complimentary accessory pack.
For those who have outgrown traditional vacuum penis pumps and require a more powerful penis pump, the HydroXtreme line of products has options that range from the HydroXtreme5 up to HydroXtreme11.
HydroXtreme11 HydroXtreme11 is the largest penis pump that has ever been invented.
Cleaning Kit ($46.98). An assortment of tools to maintain the quality the pump.
This kit is essential, despite the fact that it will cost you an additional cost during checkout.
It is due to the possibility of high bacteria growth in warm water, and the pump needs to be kept free of dirt to ensure that the rubber will maintain its malleability.
Cushion Rings ($14.98. Additional cushion rings that can be placed on the base of your pump before usage to make the procedure of pressing the seal into the pubic bone a more pleasant and less painful.
The Capsule Travel Case ($46.98). A sturdy case that protects your pump from harm and ensure your privacy when you travel.SHOP BATHMATE
How to Get the Most Gains with Your Bathmate Hydropump
What is Jelqing?
Bathmate suggests the usage of jelqing as a manual workout to be employed in conjunction with bathmate’s Bathmate Hydropumps.
Jalqing has its roots in the Middle East as a rite of passage dating back to ancient Arabic civilizations. Jelqing is helpful in warming up the tissues of the penis, preventing fluid retention, and training and making your penis prepared in a secure manner to prepare for the more intense pressures that are exerted through the pump.
In addition to the Bathmate Hydropump, it is recommended to make jelqing a an element of your daily routine.
1.) Be sure that the penis is warmed up and pliable prior to increasing the flow of blood by applying warm water to the region.
This will allow the penis to expand more easily.
2) Apply lube, and by using a firm grasp to encircle the bottom of the semi-erectcock.
Repeat this process several times. When you use this grip, it is important to only apply pressure in one direction, moving from the base until the tip, and you must be careful not to pull the foreskin back.
3.) It is imperative that you do not jelq with an entire erection. Beginners should stop jelqing once their penis is fifty percent of an effective erection following 150 reps.
This number can be increased to seventy five percent, then ninety percent. However beginners should never jelq with a full erection.
Build a Workout Routine With Your Bathmate’s Hydropump
It’s crucial to keep up the pump if you want to acquire penile growth and also keep the ones you already have. Doing this will allow you to maintain the gains.
This involves creating a consistent workout routine that is tailored to your personal time limitations goals, as well as the amount of effort you believe you are able to put in.
People who support the Bathmate Hydropump who have more experience have routines classified as either “Newbie,” “Intermediate,” or “Advanced.”
Whether or not you have used jelqing for a lengthy period of time, your experience depends on how familiar you are with the Bathmate Hydropumps.
It is important not to overdo it , and to gradually increase to more intense workouts using a vacuum penis pump and this is in the same way that it is important not to do too much when you are building muscles.
You are able to experiment with the various Bathmate Hydropump routines included in each level to determine which ones cause your penis to respond the most favorably.
A simple routine suitable for beginners could look like this:
- Week 1 and 2: Pumping sessions of 5-10 minutes, four times every week.
- Week 3 and 4 Pumping sessions lasting between 10 and 15 minutes 5 times each week.
- Week 5 & 6 5 and 6: Pumping sessions lasting 15 to 20 minutes, six times each week.
Make sure you get at minimum one day of rest each week is crucial and that you should never go over six times.SHOP BATHMATE
Alternative Vacuum Penis Pumps to the Bathmate Hydropump
Bathmate hydraulic penis pumps as proven by its award of it the Venus award for best new product in 2014 as well as the award for best male enhancement products in 2012.
Penomet as with Bathmate is in essence an air-based vacuum pump that may be used in the shower, in the bath, or even as a typical penis air pump.
The versatility of the pump is what makes it a good choice.
Penomet utilizes the AquaPressure technology to provide the perfect vacuum pressure.
Penomet pumps can be adjusted made from polycarbonate polymers which the company claims are virtually unbreakable.
Additionally, they manufacture five gaiters made of medical-grade silicone that each have different suction force.
When you buy the Penomet, which has all five gaiters, you’ll have the ability to utilize the same pump that you used the very first time you use it all the way through many years of enhancement and training in the future. Utilizing different models of Bathmate
As soon as your penis has grown by a specified percentage, any further gains you make will be restricted to maintenance up to the time you purchase a new model with an increased size as well as a stronger suction. It is easier to track your progress in the realms of expansion, training or recovery if you rely on only one model. Penomet products are available in a variety of sizes, including the Force 60, 65, 70 and 75, as well as the Extreme Force 80 and X85 Monster Gaiter which is the primary competitor to the Bathmate HydroXtreme11.
Over 10 years of study and testing, it was found that the use of Penomet devices for six months, with six sessions per week led to as much as a twenty per cent increase in length, a thirty percent rise in thickness and a boost in the overall quality of the sexual erection.
Penomet, like Bathmate offers a money-back assurance for the first sixty days as well as a guarantee that is valid for three years. A warranty of two years is provided by Bathmate.
The initial cost is the most significant disadvantage for Penomet penis pumps in comparison the Bathmate Hydraulic Pumps.
Comparing it to the Bathmate HydroXtreme11, which retails for $399, the Penomet Premium package, which comprises all gaiters ranging from the basic gaiter up through the Extreme Force 80 gaiter, has a suggested retail price of $457. Bathmate Pump Injury