In our evaluation of the Bathmate we examined all of the penis pumps included in the Hydro series, which includes Hydromax, Hydro, Hydromax, and Hydroextreme models. We offer thorough testing and analysis. Bathmate Techniques
With over one million delighted customers, a customer satisfaction level of 95 percent, and a patented technique which increases the size of the penis in an average 2-3 inches, up to 5.
Bathmate’s vacuum penis pumps have a commanding presence in the market for products to enhance the male appearance.
It could be treatment for erectile disfunction or Peyronie’s Disease, rehabilitation after prostate surgery, an astronomical increase in penis length and size, as well as increased sexual pleasure due to erectile dysfunction (ED), Peyronie’s disease (Peyronie’s), and enhanced sexual pleasure: erectile enhancement
Everything you must know about Bathmate Hydropumps is covered in this article.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review: What is Bathmate Penis Pump?
The following are the four main elements you need to know:
1) The Tube where you are expected to put your penis.
2.) The Comfort Ring, which should be placed at the bottom on the male male genitalia (without any testicles). The reason why it is called this is due to the ability to push the Bathmate tightly into your body, which stops air from entering and results in the creation of the formation of a vacuum. It is not possible to expand its size or increase its circumference if your seal isn’t correct.
3) The Pump. When you squeeze the penis against your pelvic seat, the water is expelled by your grip, and then when you release your grip, your penis is “pumped” through the creation of vacuum pressure. The penis is an elastic skin that is able to be used repeatedly. It is completely in control due to the ability to squeeze gently or forcefully.
4) The Latch Valve. It lets you adjust the pressure, and it can be opened and closed with only one hand thanks because of its ergonomically designed.
How Does a Bathmate Hydropump Work?
When the tube is filled with water in the Bath or Shower, the water pushes air out from the interior of the tube.
After inserting your penis into the tube, you then place your Bathmate firmly against your body at the base of your penis while holding it inside the tube.
Since the comfort ring is pressed against your body, it’s difficult for air to get in, which results in a vacuum.
When you take water through your tube, an natural reaction creates a vacuum pressure that causes it to draw blood into your penis.
This draws blood into your penis to offset the shift in pressure in the tube, putting the heart at a lower pressure. An erection is caused by an increase in the flow of blood to the penis. Its duration is determined by how sexually stimulated the person is.
The erection may last for up to a half-hour. If you want to grow the size of your penis, you will need to exercise regularly.
Growth in the size of the penis require a regimen in the same way that the growth of muscles does.
Bathmate recommends using your hydropump every day for at least 4-6 months for fifteen minutes in total which is broken down into three periods of 5 minute each (a total of 3 5 minute use).
As your penis grows larger as it gets larger, you’ll need to replace your current Bathmate with one which is one size bigger.
This is like to the way you’d increase the size of the dumbbells that you use to lift weights.
How Do I Use a Bathmate Hydropump?
No matter which penile pump from Bathmate’s Hydropump product line — the Hydro7 or the HydroMax, or the HydroExtreme–you choose as the one that will assist you achieve your objectives efficiently, the manner in the application of each product to your penis is similar.
1.) Take five minute to immerse yourself in the warm water to soften the skin on your scrotum and penis.
This will decrease the chances that your testicles are drawn inside the device. If you are ready to utilize the Bathmate device, ensure that your testicles are away from the tub by pulling them back with the hand that’s not being used to place the device.
Although there isn’t any risk of injury in this situation It would be very uncomfortable.
2.) While in the shower, turn the Bathmate upside down, so that it’s being sprayed by the water, but make sure the black hole at the top of the device is sealed.
There is no need to close the clasp on your Bathmate if you are going to use it in the bathtub. all you have to do is submerge the gadget in water.
3.) Place your sagging penis in the tube and press your Bathmate tightly on your pubic bone to make sure the tube is sealed properly.
The Bathmate penis pump is tilted either downwards or upwards, depending on which is more comfortable for the person using it.
4) To begin pumping to begin, remove the black cap from the device’s top and then open the cap.
Every time you pump, you will see brief bursts of water to be released.
The penis being drawn into the chamber. You will be able to feel stretch of the skin on your front.
As a result of the change in pressure the blood vessels within the penile region will start to expand and lead to the development of an intimate erection.
Due to the way water distorts your vision the circumference of your penis appears like it has increased.
5) Before you remove you penis out of the tube, remove the quick-release valve by pulling the valve cap upwards to relieve the vacuum.
This should be done before taking your penis off the tube. If your Bathmate is not inserted firmly enough in your pubic bone to seal the device, pumping when you shower may be more difficult because air can come in and reduce suction.
This is the case in the event that the device isn’t correctly sealed.
Begin pumping when the cap that is black at the bottom of the device has been removed.
If you do not the water will pour from your Bathmate Hydropump. If you discover that air has gotten trapped between the comfort ring as well as the pump could be able to remove the comfort ring before filling and replacing it when pumping helps make the process easier.
Greater pressure can be achieved with shorter, quicker pumps, whereas lower pressure can be achieved using slower pumps.
It is recommended to remove the vacuum, refill the machine, and then begin pumping for two or three times throughout the 15 to 20 minutes session.
This will allow you to make the most significant gains possible from each workout.SHOP BATHMATE
Are Bathmate Hydropumps Safe To Use?
If they are correctly used and the directions that are provided by the manufacturer are followed, the Bathmate vacuum pumps don’t cause any harmful side effects and are completely non-invasive.
Penis extenders can be a great alternative to penis pumps that are conventional. Penis injuries are possible and one of the most frequent causes is the excessive pumping of the male genitalia.
When it’s done frequently or for a long duration, excessive pumping or misuse could cause damage to the tissues, which could result in weaker erections.
“Men will over-pump,” says Dr. Christopher Fox, a senior lecturer in sexual health at the University of Sydney.
Because of this, there is a possibility of injury to the penis’s vascular system.
It is highly recommended that the procedure be carried out under the supervision of a sex therapist who is aware of what they are doing , or an additional pumper with previous expertise with the procedure.
The advice of seasoned users is to make sure that the water is warm. apply pressure to the penis in order to relax muscles prior to beginning the exercise, and begin by introducing a beginner’s routine that takes between five to ten minutes every day, and then gradually progress to sessions that last twenty minutes.
There is a loophole to this rule if you’re taking warfarin or a different type of blood-thinning anticoagulant or if you have any medical condition that impacts how your blood clots.
Are there any conditions that allow the usage of Bathmate Hydropumps or another penile pump can be considered safe?
Fluid retention is one of the negative effects that is commonly associated with utilizing penile pumps that are water-based.
It happens when the suction that has drawn blood flow into the penis has also drawn in fluid. This is a sign that the penis is at its capacity to the max.
As a result of this the skin covering the penis is swollen and the circumference of the penis also grows.
This has no influence on the development of the penis. However, it can cause a doughnut-shaped enlargement at the base of the penile glans.
After twenty-four hours, it should go off, though it is dependent on the amount of fluid retention you have. According to the recommendations made by Bathmate, the most effective method to avoid the retention of fluid is to break long sessions lasting 15-20 minutes into shorter ones of 4-5 minutes.
Which is Better, Bathmate Hydropumps or Traditional Air Pumps?
Short answer Answer: Bathmate Hydropumps.
The advantages inherent in warm water, which makes the tissues of the penis more flexible and improves natural blood flow through dilation of the vascular tract, are employed in Bathmate pumps in order to increase their efficiency.
Warmth has a conditioning impact on nerves, which stops the discomfort that occurs when you stretch and bending.
This is something users of standard air vacuum pumps typically experience.
The same effect can be reproduced by first applying an un-warmed towel to one’s penis for a couple of minutes before using a standard pump.
But, if you utilize the pump before the game, more time spent on preparation means longer time away from playing.
It’s obvious which of the two options–having the feature included in your routine for pumping or adding an additional step-will give you the highest degree of ease.
When using air pumps, the need for lubrication is essential to keep the penis supple during the stretching process However, this requirement is not necessary when water is utilized.
Water is denser than air and provides an equal distribution across the penis due to this characteristic.
Bruising is one of the negative effects of air pumps, and it’s due to parts of the penis having excess pressure applied to them due to unequal air distribution.
The result could be bleeding underneath the skin and tiny red spots on your penis. A gauge that displays the current pressure is typically present on conventional pumps.
If you reach too high, there is no mechanism to release the pressure, and air will continue to get compressed inside the tube even if there is no way to let it out.
It is your responsibility to determine how much pressure is adequate pressure and make sure it isn’t over.
Are you aware of the ideal pressure is for a certain scenario?
If you pump too quickly or excessively the one-finger valve in Bathmate Hydropumps will be able to relieve the pressure.
The possibility of pumping for maximum profits without risking injury due to the design of the Bathmate that prevents water from entering the tube and, in turn, causing pressure right from the start.SHOP BATHMATE
What are Bathmate Penis Pumps Used For?
According to the findings of a survey carried out in 2020 by Bathmate, they discovered that 70 percent of respondents had experienced an increase in size.
Premature ejaculation. A slight numbing effect may be achieved using a bathmate hydropump for five to ten minutes immediately prior to engaging in sexual activity.
This can help the session to go on for longer. You can also prevent premature ejaculation by training your penis to remain erect for extended durations without the prospect of sexual release.
This is a different method of preventing premature ejaculation. If your penis is pressing on your Bathmate, you won’t be capable of obtaining relief from pumping your legs until you remove it first.
Harder erections. In the same survey conducted for 2020 Bathmate, 76% of the respondents reported having more powerful erections.
Furthermore it is possible to achieve this by pumping prior to sexual activity while wearing an erection ring.
After you have removed your Bathmate The ring will prevent the blood that was drawn into your penis from draining as fast.
This will keep your erection in an extended period of time, preparing you for the possibility of a partner.
It is essential to remember that the ring has to be secure against your body to allow the erection to remain, which may be uncomfortable for certain men.
Stimulation of sexual organs and foreplay. When you get an erection, you could be awed by intense sensations as well as when you regularly have a powerful erection the desire for sexual encounters may increase.
In addition, vacuum penis pumps produce erections while being used, but they have also the capacity to stimulate an increase in the amount of natural erections and greater intensity of orgasms.
Penis pumps produce a sucking feeling, which may be quite enjoyable.
Additionally, they are a great choice to masturbate as well as foreplay in the areas of edging, light control and complete dominance.
They are incredibly versatile and versatile toys.
Despite the fact that they weren’t meant to be utilized on body parts other than the ones you are using it is possible to get imaginative using the pumps.
The pump can be utilized on the clitoris area, the nipples, and any other erogenous areas without any risk.
Bathmate Penis Pumps Review For Erectile Dysfunction
Oral medicines, pharmaceuticals that are pushed through the penis’s tip into the tube within, shots that you inject directly into the penis as well as surgically implanted penile implants have the potential to create adverse effects or fail to function or could be very risky.
Bathmate Hydropumps, when utilized properly, can increase the oxygenation of the penile tissues, which can help in maintaining the length of the penis after the prostatectomy.
Additionally, they help to reduce the risk of abnormal fibrous tissue growing in the penis.
This helps to maintain erectile function.
Erectile dysfunction sufferers who use vacuum penis pumps are able to get an erection that is hard and they report a considerable improvement in their sexual pleasure.
This percentage ranges between 80 and 90 percent.
The use of a Bathmate Hydropump for treating erectile dysfunction can be, as compared to other treatment options more affordable in the long haul, noninvasive and is able to be utilized in conjunction with drugs.
It can also aid men in recovering the erectile function after surgical procedures.
When treating erectile dysfunction with the Bathmate Hydropump, you can have the option of either using it immediately before engaging in sexual activity to increase the flow of blood and produce an erection.
You can also build a regular routine in which you use it a minimum of five days per week and work your way up to 20-minute sessions on a daily basis.
This will improve sexual quality and the effectiveness of natural erections eliminating the need for you to use Bathmate prior to engaging in sexual activity.
Penis Pumps & Prostate Health
The shrinkage of the penile and the damage to nerves are both frequent complications following prostatectomy, which occur in around 70% of patients and both side effects get worse over time.
Research conducted in the clinical setting have shown that patients who make use of the penis pump vacuum can maintain the size of their penis prior surgery and recuperate sexual function faster following surgery.
The absence of natural erections can be the result of postoperative nerve injury, which can lead to a decrease in the amount of oxygen reaching tissue of penis. It is possible that a deficiency in oxygen may result in the development of fibrous tissue, and consequently, in long-term erectile dysfunction.
On the basis of several research studies, medical professionals suggest the use of penis vacuum pumps during rehabilitation to help boost blood flow into the penis and to maintain tissue.
This will help prevent this from happening. For example, in a study that was conducted in the year 2011 13 men who underwent prostatectomy teamed up with a penis pump and the drug tadalafil (20 mg three times weekly and daily pump use five days a week) and the results were compared to the control group of seven men who took a dose of 20 mg tadalafil alone.
The control group experienced significantly less improvement in erectile dysfunction.
Those who used the penis pump received higher scores for penile hardness on the International Index of Erectile Function.
In addition, 92 percent of the men who used the penis pump were able to go from a sexual relationship to orgasm, but just 29 percent the men who were in the tadalafil only group were able to achieve this.
Following the surgery, another 42 men were able to use the penile pump on daily basis for a period of 90 days.
Only one man saw a decrease in penile length of at the very least 0.4 inches.
Compared to the average of 48 percent of men who experience a significant decrease in length of the penile after prostatectomy and are not given rehabilitation with the help of vacuum penis pumps, the proportion of men who benefit from this procedure is much higher.
Penis pumps that utilize the use of a vacuum have shown a clear and substantial effect.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review For Peyronie’s Disease
Peyronie’s Disease is a noncancerous illness where the penis grows fibrous scar tissue that makes erections extremely painful and bent.
The reason for this is the development of the disease Peyronie’s.
Peyronie’s disease can hinder the ability of a man to engage in sexual activity, induce Erectile dysfunction, and also shorten your penile shaft.
The pressure put on the penis through vacuum penis pumps may cause plaque to degrade or be repaired. This ultimately causes the penis to curvature becoming more straight.
The efficacy of using penis pumps that are vacuum-filled was examined over the course of one year as part of a study which included 31 males diagnosed with Peyronie’s disease.
The treatment led to considerable improvements in the penis’ length, and the curvature of the penis also was improved in 21 males.
Men who have Peyronie’s disease are advised to only use the penis pump when their condition has not changed for at least 3 years and their curvature is not extreme after two sessions every each day for at least a month.
This is an important aspect to be aware of.
Do Bathmate Penis Pumps Increase Penis Size?
Based on Dr. Christopher Fox, “Men who use penile pumps recreationally report big gains in sizes. Of course, the size decreases if you don’t maintain the pump, but men who do report significant gains in sizes.”
Based on the findings of clinical studies the patients who utilize penis pumps that are vacuum-filled for erectile dysfunction experience an overall high level of satisfaction.
Bathmate offers an claim substantiation page on their site that includes impartial reviews, results, endorsements, and before-and-after videos of people with healthy penises who claim to gain 30 percent in penis length and girth following taking the product for 6 months.
Based on a survey carried out by 2020 of 12,000 Bathmate customers Bathmate 81% of them claimed to be that they had more erections, and 70.6 percent reported having more erections after using the product for 2 months.
If only HydroXtreme was considered, 92.9 percent of users reported noticeably improved erections, and 80 percent of them had better or longer erections, or both.
Your penis will grow in both circumference and length if you continue to use it regularly.
You will, however, need to continue utilizing your Bathmate in order for any gains to last around.
If you don’t do your workout, you’ll lose the effects, much as when you’re trying to build muscles at the gym.
There isn’t much evidence that these devices create any significant long-term gains in terms of size, according to Professor Wylie, who is a consultant in the field of sexual medicine. In a study that was published in 2011 and titled ” Non-invasive methods of penile lengthening: fact or fiction,” the researchers concluded that there is no evidence to support the idea that penis pumping can result in permanent changes in size even when they’re not being used regularly.
The size of the penile can be maintained over a longer period of time by men who use an penis pump between three and five times a every week for a period of 20 minutes, but should they stop using the pump for even a couple of days and their penis shrinks in size to what it used to be before they started pumping it. However, if you pump your penis, you’ll see a brief increase in size.
With continued use, an already enlarged penis can not only be maintained but also substantially augmented in size.
This is sufficient for some men. But when you look at it in the context of how is a regular 20-minute exercise any different from a routine for skincare or a workout that’s the same length, in the event that the result is a substantial increase in confidence in the bedroom?SHOP BATHMATE
Which Bathmate Hydropump is Best for Me?
Bathmate Hydropump Bathmate Hydropump product line is available in a variety of sizes, and the product that is right for you will depend on more than the size you have, but also on what you intend to achieve by using the vacuum penis pump.
If your natural penis size is a number of inches or less when erect and straight, the model of the product that’s most suitable to you would be HydroMax3.HydroMax3 model of the product.
Other models with numbers are the HydroMax5 model and the HydroMax7 model.
If you want to utilize the HydroMax5, you’ll need a penis that stands at minimum 4 inches tall. for the HydroMax7 it’s a penis which is at seven inches or more; and so on. It is essential to choose the correct dimensions for your Bathmate hydropump to get the best results from it.
This enables a baseline to be set for future improvements However, if your pump is not the appropriate size, you might not be receiving the proper pressure, which may produce zero results, or result that is less appealing or a bad experience.
How to Correctly Measure Your Penis Size
1.) Make your measurement using your penis erect.
Penis length is determined along at the highest point of your penis which is the side that is facing yourself when you look down at yourself.
It is not measured along the bottom of the penis that is nearer to the testicles.
2) If you have excess pubic hair or fat pushed towards the side, take a measurement of length in inches of your tailbone towards your pubic bone.
3.) To determine girth, carefully wrap the tape around your shaft at the location where it’s the thickest.
Make a note of the place where the two tape ends meet.
For a start, you can use the size calculator on Bathmate’s website to find the right pump to fit your needs, simply enter your length and girth measurements in the units of measurement you want to use.
The Bathmate Hydropump Product Line
Bathmate provides the Hydro7 kit for first-time users and HydroMax and the HydroMax and HydroMax Wide Boy for experienced users as well as HydroXtreme and the HydroXtreme as well as the HydroXtreme Wide Boy for experienced users who want to achieve the highest increase in size. All of these products can be found on their website.
Hydro7 was formerly “Bathmate”
It was the first Hydropump from Bathmate, and it was introduced to the market in 2006 under the brand name “Bathmate Hercules.” Hydro7 revolutionized the penile pump market because it was water-based and cost half the price of the closest rival.
The Hydro7 is ideal for those with penises between 5 and 7 inches in length when they’re erect and was created to accommodate the average consumer starting out.
Three color options are that are available for the Hydro7 three colors: white, red, and blue.
If you purchase directly from the Bathmate website All of Bathmate’s hydropumps come with a 60-day guarantee of refund, where there are no questions to be asked and a two-year warranty with free shipping.
Because Bathmate has distribution warehouses all across the globe Most orders will be fulfilled within 5 business days and all products will be delivered in non-descript, unmarked packaging.
Bathmate HydroMax Series
The Hydromax series of vacuum penis pumps is the most commonly utilized penis pump in the world and has a customer satisfaction rating that is greater than 92 percent of customers who were interviewed.
The pump has more power than the Hydro7, making it suitable for users who want to see steady but substantial growth or have an initial erection length that is longer that 7 inches.
Bathmate HydroXtreme Series
The HydroXtreme series is designed for users with advanced skills looking to make maximum gains in size as swiftly as possible.
This Bathmate HydroXtreme penis pump has a handball set as an additional component that helps increase pressure and provides 35 percent more suction than other pumps.
The HydroXtreme line by Bathmate has five different versions that come with a complimentary accessory pack.
If you’re looking for customers who’ve outgrown the conventional penis pump The HydroXtreme range of products offers choices ranging between the HydroXtreme5 up to HydroXtreme11.
The HydroXtreme11 is the largest penis pump that has ever been invented.
Cleaning Kit ($46.98). A set of accessories that will help maintain the quality the pump.
This kit is vital regardless of the fact that it will cost you an additional cost at the time of checkout.
This is due to an opportunity for a high level of levels of bacterial growth in water that is warm and the pump has to be maintained clear to ensure that the rubber will keep its flexibility.
Cushion Rings ($14.98. Rings for cushioning that can be added to the base of your pump before usage to make the procedure of pressing the seal into the pubic bone a more pleasant and less painful experience.
The Capsule Travel Case ($46.98). It is a sturdy case that will shield your pump from harm and keep your personal information private while traveling.SHOP BATHMATE
How to Get the Most Gains with Your Bathmate Hydropump
What is Jelqing?
Bathmate recommends the use of jelqing as a form of manual workout to be employed in addition to the Bathmate Hydropumps.
Jalqing has its roots in the Middle East as a rite of passage, which dates back to ancient Arabic civilizations. Jelqing could be helpful in warming up the tissues of the penis, preventing fluid retention, and training and getting your penis ready in a safe way for the more intense pressures that are put on it through the pump.
In addition to using your Bathmate Hydropump you must make jelqing an integral an element of your daily routine.
1.) Make sure the penis is warmed up and flexible prior to increasing blood flow by applying hot water or a warm towel to the area.
This will allow the penis to expand more easily.
2.) Apply lube and, using an OK finger grasp, encircle the base of the semi-erectcock.
Do this many times. If you are moving the grip, make sure you only apply pressure in one direction, working from the base until the tip. Additionally, you must be careful not to pull the foreskin back.
3.) It is imperative that you never jelq with a full erection; beginners should stop jelqing when their penis is at fifty per cent of an active erection following 150 reps.
This number can be raised to seventy-five percent, and then to ninety percent. However, beginners should never jelq with a full erection.
Build a Workout Routine With Your Bathmate’s Hydropump
It is essential to maintain the pump if you want to increase your penile size and maintain those you have. This can help sustain your gains.
This entails formulating a regular exercise regimen that is tailored to your specific time and space constraints goals, as well as the amount of effort you think you can put into it.
Advocates of the Bathmate Hydropump who have more experience have routines classified as either “Newbie,” “Intermediate,” or “Advanced.”
If you’ve used jelqing for a long time, your level will be determined by the degree to which experienced you are with Bathmate Hydropumps.
It is essential not to overdo it and gradually progress to more intense workouts when using a vacuum penis pump and this is because of the same reason it is crucial not to overdo it when gaining muscle.
You can play around using the many Bathmate Hydropump routines that are included in each level to determine which ones cause your penis to respond the most favorably.
A good example of a simple routine for beginners might look like this:
- Week 1 & 2 2: Pumping sessions lasting 5 to 10 minutes, four times per week.
- Week 3 and 4: Pumping sessions of 10-15 minutes, 5 times each week.
- Week 5 and 6 5 and 6: Pumping sessions lasting 15-20 minutes six times per week.
Remember that getting at the very least one relaxing day every week is important and that you should never go over six times.SHOP BATHMATE
Alternative Vacuum Penis Pumps to the Bathmate Hydropump
Bathmate Hydraulic penis pumps, as proven by its award in its Venus award for best new product in 2014 and the prize for the most effective male enhancement device in 2012.
Penomet as with Bathmate, is essentially an air-based vacuum pump that can be utilized in the shower, in the bath, or even as a typical penis air pump.
Penomet’s versatility makes it a great choice.
Penomet utilizes an AquaPressure technology to deliver ideal vacuum pressure.
Penomet pumps can be adjusted made from polycarbonate polymers that , according to the company, are virtually unbreakable.
Additionally, they make five different gaiters made of medical-grade silicone, each with their own level of suction power.
If you purchase a Penomet with all 5 gaiters You’ll be able to use the same pump as the very first time you use it to the end of several years of improvement and training in the future. Using different models of Bathmate
As soon as your penis has grown by a specified percentage, all additional gains are limited to maintenance only up to the time you purchase a new model that has more space as well as a greater suction. It is easier to track your progress in the areas of training, expansion or recovery when you only use one model. Penomet’s products come in a variety of sizes and models, including the Force 60, 65, 70 and 75 along with their Extreme Force 80 and X85 Monster Gaiter, the latter of which is the main competitor to the Bathmate HydroXtreme11.
After more than 10 years of research and tests, it was concluded that Penomet devices used for six months with the requirement of six sessions per week, led to up to a 20 percent increase in length and a 30 percent increase in thickness as well as an improvement in the overall quality of the protracted erection.
Penomet, much like Bathmate, provides a money-back guarantee for the first 60 days, and a warranty which lasts for three consecutive years. Two-year warranty is offered by Bathmate.
The initial cost is the main drawback for Penomet penis pumps compared with Bathmate hydropumps.
When compared to the Bathmate HydroXtreme11, which retails at $399, the Penomet Premium package, which comes with gaiters that range from the basic gaiter up and up to Extreme Force 80 gaiter, comes with a suggested retail price of $457. Bathmate Techniques