Bathmate Without Warming Up
When we evaluated the Bathmate, we covered all of the penis pumps included in the Hydro series, including Hydromax, Hydro, Hydromax, and Hydroextreme models. We offer in-depth testing and analysis services. Bathmate Without Warming Up
With more than one million satisfied customers, a satisfaction level of 95 percent and a patent-pending method that can increase the size of your penis to an average 2-3 inches to up to 5
Bathmate’s vacuum penis pumps are a major player in the market for products for male enhancement.
Whether it be as an option to treat erectile dysfunction or Peyronie’s disease, recovery from prostate cancer, a dramatic rise in penis length as well as girth or increased sexual pleasure due to erectile dysfunction (ED), Peyronie’s disease (Peyronie’s) and increased sexual pleasure: erectile enhancement
Everything you must be aware of about Bathmate Hydropumps is covered in the article.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review: What is Bathmate Penis Pump?
These are the four most important components you should know:
1.) The Tube that you’re supposed to put your penis.
2) The Comfort Ring It is placed at the base on the male male genitalia (without any testicles). The reason why it is called this is due to the ability to press the Bathmate deeply into your body. This blocks air from entering the body and causes the creation of a vacuum. You will not be able to increase the size of your penis or increase its circumference if the seal you have is incorrect.
3) The Pump. When you squeeze the penis against the pelvic area and the water is released as you relax your grip, the penis gets “pumped” by creating a vacuum pressure. The penis is made of an elastic skin that is able to withstand repeated use. You are in complete control thanks to the ability to squeeze lightly or firmly.
4) The Latch Valve. This lets you to customize the pressure and is able to be closed and opened with only one hand thanks to its ergonomic design.
How Does a Bathmate Hydropump Work?
If the tub is filled up with water from The Bath or Shower, the water pushes out the air from the interior of the tube.
After you have inserted your penis into the tube, apply your Bathmate firmly against your body at the penis’s base while holding it inside the tube.
Since the comfort ring presses against your body, it’s impossible for air to enter and create a vacuum.
When you take water through the tube reaction causes the vacuum pressure to draw the blood from your penis.
This draws blood into your penis to offset the pressure shift inside the tube, which puts little pressure on your heart. An erection is caused by an increase in blood flow to the penis, and its duration depends on how sexually stimulated a person is.
An erection can persist for up to a half-hour. If you are looking to increase the size of your penis you’ll need to work it on a regular basis.
Gains in the size of your penis will require a routine like muscular growth does.
Bathmate suggests using your water pump every day for at least 4 to 6 months for fifteen minutes in total which is broken down into three intervals of 5 minute each (a total of three 5 minute usages).
As your penis grows larger as it gets larger, you’ll need to replace your current Bathmate with one which is one size bigger.
This is like to how you would raise the size of the dumbbells you use when lifting weights.
How Do I Use a Bathmate Hydropump?
No matter which penile pump in Bathmate’s Hydropump product line–the Hydro7 or the HydroMax or the HydroExtreme that you pick the one that will help you reach your goals in the most efficient manner The method by the application of each product to your penis will be similar.
1.) Give yourself five minutes to soak in warm water to smooth the skin on your penis and scrotum.
This can reduce the chance that your testicles are drawn inside the device. When you are ready to utilize the Bathmate gadget, make sure your testicles stay away from the tube by bringing them back using your hand that isn’t employed to move the device.
Although there isn’t any danger of getting hurt in this scenario however, it will be uncomfortable.
2) When you’re inside the bath, you can hold the Bathmate upside down, so that it’s being sprayed by the water, but make sure the black hole on the top of the device is shut.
You do not need to close the clasp on your Bathmate when you plan to be using it in the bathtub. all you have to do is submerge the gadget in the water.
3.) Put your penis that is sagging into the tube while pressing your Bathmate firmly onto your pubic bone to make sure the tube is sealed properly.
Bathmate penis pump Bathmate penis pump is angled either upwards or downwards depending on what feels more comfortable to the person using it.
4.) To begin pumping, first remove the black cap from the device’s top , and then, open the cap.
With each pump, it will trigger short bursts of water to be released.
The penis being drawn into the chamber, and you’ll be able to feel that your skin is stretched.
In the wake of the change in pressure the blood vessels in your penile area start to expand, which will lead to the development of an erection.
Because of the way the water distorts vision, the circumference of your penis will look like it has increased.
5.) Before removing your tube’s penis, disable the quick-release mechanism by pulling the valve cap upwards to relieve the vacuum.
This should be done before taking your penis out of the tube. If your Bathmate isn’t inserted securely enough in the pubic bone to secure it, then pumping it while you’re in the shower can be more difficult because air can enter and reduce suction.
This is the case if the device is not correctly sealed.
Pumping should begin as soon as the cap that is black at the top of the device is removed; if you don’t, water will spill from your Bathmate Hydropump. If you notice that air is trapped between the comfort ring as well as the pump may find that removing the comfort ring prior filling and then replacing it when pumping is easier.
Greater pressure can be achieved by using pumps that are shorter and faster while lower pressure could be achieved by using slow pumps.
It is beneficial to let off the vacuum, refill the machine, and then begin pumping 2 or 3 times over an hour-long session.
This will help you achieve the greatest gains you can from each workout.SHOP BATHMATE
Are Bathmate Hydropumps Safe To Use?
If they are properly used and the guidelines given by their manufacturer followed The Bathmate vacuum pumps don’t produce any adverse undesirable side effects and are non-invasive.
Penis extenders offer an alternative to conventional penis pumps. Penis injuries can occur as well, and one of the most frequent causes is over-pumping of the male genitalia.
If it is done too often or for too long a duration, excessive pumping or misuse can result in injury to the tissues, which may result in less sexual erections.
“Men will over-pump,” says Dr. Christopher Fox, a senior lecturer in sexual health at the University of Sydney.
This is why there is a risk of damage to the penis’ vascular system.
It is strongly recommended that the procedure be carried out with the guidance of either a sex therapist who is aware of the procedure or another pumper who has previous knowledge of the procedure.
The advice from experienced users is to ensure the water is hot, massage the penis to loosen muscles prior to starting the exercise.
Begin by introducing a beginner’s program that lasts between five and ten minutes each day, and then gradually progress to sessions that last for twenty minutes.
There’s an exception to this rule in the case of taking warfarin, or any other type of blood-thinning anticoagulant or have any other medical condition that impacts how your blood is clots.
What are the conditions under which Bathmate Hydropumps or another kind of penile pump is regarded to be risk-free?
Fluid retention is among the negative side effects often associated with the use of penile pumps that are water-based.
This occurs when the suction that drawn blood flow into the penis has also drawn in fluid. This means that the penis is at its maximum capacity.
As a consequence of this the skin covering the penis is swollen and the penis’s circumference also expands.
It has no influence on the development of the penis, but it can cause a doughnut-shaped enlargement at the base on the penile’s eyelids.
After 24 hours, this should go disappear, but it will depend on how much fluid retention you have. According to the recommendations made by Bathmate, the most effective method to avoid the retention of fluid is to split longer sessions lasting between 15 and 20 minutes into shorter ones of 4-5 minutes.
Which is Better, Bathmate Hydropumps or Traditional Air Pumps?
Short answer Answer: Bathmate Hydropumps.
The advantages inherent in warm water, which makes the tissues of the penis more elastic and enhances the flow of blood through dilation of the vascular system, are used in Bathmate pumps in order to maximize their effectiveness.
The effects of warmth are conditioned on nerves, which stops discomfort from occurring when you stretch and bending.
This is something users of standard air vacuum pumps typically have reported experiencing.
This effect can be replicated by applying an icy towel to the penis for a few minutes prior to using a traditional pump.
But, if you utilize the pump prior to the game spending more time in preparation will mean more time spent away from the game.
It is evident which of the two options–having the feature integrated into the routine of pumping or adding an additional step will give you the highest level of convenience.
When using air pumps, it is necessary to keep the penis’s suppleness when stretching but this need can be avoided by using water.
The density of water is higher than that of air and provides an equal distribution across the penis due to this property.
The bruising process is among the effects that can be triggered by air pumps, and it’s caused by areas of the penis which have excessive pressure applied to them due to an uneven distribution of air.
This might result in bleeding beneath the skin and tiny red spots on your penis. A gauge that shows the current pressure is typically found on pumps that are traditional.
If you exceed the maximum pressure there’s no way to relieve the pressure and the air will continue get compressed inside the tube regardless of the method to release it.
It is your responsibility to determine how much pressure is enough pressure and to ensure that it is not exceeded.
Are you aware of what the ideal air pressure level is for a certain situation?
In the event that you pump too quickly or too hard the one-finger valve in Bathmate Hydropumps will automatically relieve the pressure.
You can pump to maximize profits without risking injury thanks to the construction of Bathmate that stops water from entering the tube, and as a result, pressure from the very beginning.SHOP BATHMATE
What are Bathmate Penis Pumps Used For?
According to the findings of a poll conducted in the year 2020 by Bathmate and Bathmate, they found that 70% of respondents had seen an increase in size.
Premature ejaculation. A slight numbing effect may be achieved using a Bathmate Hydropump about five to ten minutes before engaging in sexual activity.
This may help in allowing in allowing the session to last for longer. You can also avoid premature ejaculation by training your penis to be in a straight position for long times without any sexual release.
This is a different method of to avoid premature ejaculation. Even if your penis may be pressuring your Bathmate and you aren’t in a position to feel relief by pumping your legs unless you get it removed first.
Harder erections. In the same survey that was conducted at the end of 2020, conducted by Bathmate 76% of the respondents reported having stronger erections.
Furthermore you can achieve this by pumping prior to engaging in sexual activities while wearing a penis band.
Once you’ve taken off your Bathmate the ring will prevent the blood that was pulled into the penis from flowing out as quickly.
This will keep your erection in an extended period of time, and will prepare you for the possibility of a partner.
It is essential to be aware that the ring needs to be secure against your body for the erection to be maintained and can be uncomfortable for some guys.
Stimulation of the sexual organs and foreplay. When you get an erection, you may be awed by intense sensations and, if you continue to experience a strong erection your desire to have sexual encounters can increase.
Not only do vacuum penis pumps create erections while they are being used however, they also have the capacity to encourage an increase in the amount of natural erections and more intense orgasms.
Penis pumps create a satisfying feeling, which may be very enjoyable, and they are a great choice for masturbation , as well as foreplay with edging, light control, and complete dominance.
This makes them extremely multi-functional and versatile toys.
Although they were never meant to be utilized on body parts other than the ones you are using it is possible to get imaginative with the pumps.
The pump can be used on the clitoris, Nipples, as well as any other erogenous locations without risk.
Bathmate Penis Pumps Review For Erectile Dysfunction
Oral drugs, pharmaceuticals that are pushed through the tip of your penis into the tube that is inside the penis, injections of shots through your penis and surgically implanted penile implants all are prone to produce adverse effects or fail to function or could be very risky.
Bathmate Hydropumps, when used appropriately, enhance the oxygenation of the penile tissues, which aids in retaining penis length after a prostatectomy.
In addition, they can help reduce the risk of abnormal fibrous tissue forming in the penis.
This helps to maintain erectile function.
The men with erectile dysfunction who utilize vacuum penis pumps can enjoy an uneasy erection, and also notice a significant improvement in their sexual pleasure.
This percentage ranges between 80 and 90 percent.
The usage of a Bathmate hydropump in treating the problem of erectile disfunction is when compared with other treatments cost-effective in the long run, noninvasive, and it can be utilized in conjunction with drugs.
It can also assist men in regaining erectile function following surgical operations.
When treating erectile dysfunction with the Bathmate Hydropump you have the option of either applying it right away prior to engaging in sexual activities to boost the flow of blood and create an erection, or building a regular routine in which you use it a minimum of five days every week and increase it to 20-minute sessions on a regular basis.
This will improve the quality of your natural erections eliminating the need for you to take Bathmate before you engage in sexual activity.
Penis Pumps & Prostate Health
Penile shrinkage and nerve damage are both frequent complications following prostatectomy, occurring in approximately 70 percent of patients, and both side effects get worse over time.
Clinical studies have proven that those who use a vacuum penis pump are able to keep the size of their penis before surgery and recover sexual function more quickly after surgery.
Natural erections are not as common. This could be due to postoperative nerve injury that can cause a deficiency in the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues of the penis. It could be that a deficiency in oxygen could result in the formation of fibrous tissue and, as a consequence that it causes long-term erectile dysfunction.
Based on several studies, doctors recommend using penis pumps during rehabilitation to help improve the flow of oxygen into the penis, and also to help maintain the tissue.
This will help prevent this from occurring. For instance, in a study conducted in the year 2011, 13 men undergoing prostatectomy combined penis pumps with Tadalafil (20 mg, three times weekly and daily pump usage five days weekly) The results were compared with the 7 men who received a dose of 20 mg tadalafil alone.
The group that was treated with tadalafil experienced less improvement in erectile dysfunction.
People who used the penis pump had greater scores for the penile’s hardness on the International Index of Erectile Function.
Furthermore, 92 percent the men who used the penis pump were able to go from a sexual relationship to orgasm, while only 29 percent of men who were in the tadalafil only group were able to do so.
After surgery, another 42 men were able to use a penile pump on a regularly scheduled basis for a period time period of 90 days.
Only one man experienced a reduction in length of the penile of at least 0.4 inches.
Comparing to the median of 48 percent of men who suffer a significant reduction in penile length following prostatectomy, if they aren’t treated with rehabilitation using penis pumps.
The percentage of patients who receive this treatment is significantly greater.
Penis pumps using a vacuum shown a definite and substantial effect.SHOP BATHMATE
Bathmate Review For Peyronie’s Disease
Peyronie’s Disease is a non-cancerous condition in which the penis develops fibrous scar tissue. This results in erections that are painfully bent and painful.
The cause of this condition is the development of Peyronie’s Disease.
Peyronie’s Disease can prevent men from engaging in sexual activities, cause an erectile dysfunction and reduce the penile shaft.
The pressure that is put on the penis through penis vacuum pumps can cause plaque to break down or be repaired. This eventually results in the penis curvature becoming more straight.
The effectiveness of using penis pumps that are vacuum-filled was examined over the course of a year in a study that involved 31 males who were diagnosed with the disease Peyronie’s.
The treatment produced significant improvement in the length of the penis, and the curvature of the penis also improved in 21 of the males.
Patients with Peyronie’s disease are advised to only use an insulin pump if the condition hasn’t changed in at least three years and their curvature is not extreme after two sessions every day for several months.
This is an important thing to remember.
Do Bathmate Penis Pumps Increase Penis Size?
As per the doctor Dr. Christopher Fox, “Men who use penile pumps recreationally report big gains in sizes. Of course, the size decreases if you don’t maintain the pump, but men who do report significant gains in sizes.”
Based on the results of clinical studies those who have used penis pumps that are vacuum-filled for erectile dysfunction report an overall high level of satisfaction.
Bathmate has the claim substantiation page on their website that contains impartial reviews, results and endorsements as well as before-and-after videos of people with healthy penises. They claim to have gained 30 percent in the length of their penis and in girth after having used the product for six months.
According to a study conducted by 2020 on 12,000 Bathmate customers Bathmate, 81 percent claimed having greater erections and 70.6 percent said they had longer erections after using the product for 2 months.
When only the HydroXtreme was taken into consideration, 92.9 percent of users reported noticeably improved erections, and 80 percent of them reported improved or longer erectionsor both.
The size of your penis will increase in both length and circumference if you continue to use it frequently.
But, you’ll have to keep using your Bathmate to ensure that your gains to last.
If you don’t do the workout, you’ll be unable to reap the benefits, much as when you’re trying to build muscle in the gym.
There is very little evidence to suggest that these devices bring about any lasting benefits in terms of size, says Professor Wylie, who is an expert consultant in the field of sexual medicine. In a research study published in 2011, titled ” Non-invasive methods of penile lengthening: fact or fiction,” the researchers concluded that there was no evidence to back the notion that penis pumps cause permanent changes in size even if they are not being used regularly.
The size of the penile may be maintained for longer in men who utilize the penis pump three to five times a week for 20 minutes.
However, should they stop pumping for even a couple of days and their penis shrinks in size to what it used to be when the first time they began pumping it. If the penis is pumped, it will notice a slight increase in size.
With continued use the penis that is already large can not only be kept, but it can also be significantly increased in size.
It’s enough for some men, and when put into perspective, how is a regular 20-minute exercise different from a skincare routine or a workout that’s the same length, when the outcome is a substantial boost in confidence at night?SHOP BATHMATE
Which Bathmate Hydropump is Best for Me?
The Bathmate Hydropump product line is available in a variety of sizes, and the product that is right for you will not just be based on the size you have, but also on the goals you hope to accomplish by using the vacuum penis pump.
If your ideal penis size is a amount of inches or less when it’s erect then the model of that product that is most suited to you will be that of theHydroMax3 model of that product.
Other models that have numbers include the HydroMax5 model and HydroMax7 model. HydroMax7 model.
If you’d like to use the HydroMax5 it will require an esoteric that is at minimum 4 inches tall. for the HydroMax7 penis, you’ll require one which is at least 7 inches tall; and so on. It is vital to choose the correct dimension for the Bathmate hydropump in order to get the best outcomes from it.
This helps establish a baseline that can be set for future improvements however, if the pump is not of the correct size, you may not get the right pressure, which can cause not achieving results, outcomes that are less appealing or even a negative experience.
How to Correctly Measure Your Penis Size
1.) Make your measurement using your penis upright.
It is measured along the top of the penis, this is what you see facing you when you look down on yourself.
The measurement is not taken along the bottom of the penis that is nearer to the testicles.
2.) With any excess pubic hair or fat pushed towards the side, take a measurement of length in inches of your tailbone up to the pubic bone.
3.) To determine the girth of your body, carefully wrap the tape measure around your shaft at the location where it’s thickest and make a note of the place where the two ends of the tape meet.
To start, use the size calculator on Bathmate’s website to choose the best pump for your measurements, simply enter your length and girth measurements in the units of measurement of your choice.
The Bathmate Hydropump Product Line
Bathmate provides Bathmate’s Hydro7 kit for users who are new to the sport Bathmate also offers HydroMax and the HydroMax and HydroMax Wide Boy for experienced users as well as their HydroXtreme as well as the HydroXtreme Wide Boy for experienced users striving for maximum increases in size. All of these products can be found at their site.
Hydro7 was formerly “Bathmate”
This was Bathmate’s first hydropump that was released to the market in 2006 under the name “Bathmate Hercules.” Hydro7 revolutionized the market for penile pumps due to its water-based nature and cost about half as much as the closest rival.
The Hydro7 is suitable for people with penises between 5 and 7 inches in length when they are erect and was created to accommodate the ordinary consumer beginning off.
There are three color options offered for the Hydro7: red, white and blue.
When purchased directly on the Bathmate website, all of the company’s hydropumps are covered by a 60-day refund policy during which there are no questions asked, a 2-year warranty, and free shipping.
Because Bathmate has distribution warehouses across the globe Most orders will be fulfilled within five business days and the items will be delivered in non-descript packaging that is unmarked.
Bathmate HydroMax Series
The Hydromax line of penis vacuum pumps has been the extensively used penis pump in the world. It also has a high customer satisfaction score that is higher than 92 percent of those who were surveyed.
The pump has more power than the Hydro7, making it suitable for users who are looking for an increase in size that is gradual, but not overwhelming or who have a beginning sexual length that is more that 7 inches.
Bathmate HydroXtreme Series
The HydroXtreme series is designed for users with advanced skills looking to make maximum gains in size as swiftly as is possible.
The Bathmate HydroXtreme penis pump has a handball set as an additional element that assists in maximizing pressure and provides 35 percent more suction than comparable pumps.
The HydroXtreme line of Bathmate has five different versions, each of which comes with a complimentary accessory pack.
If you’re looking for customers who’ve outgrown the conventional penis pump The HydroXtreme line of products has choices ranging in size from HydroXtreme5 up to HydroXtreme11.
The HydroXtreme11 is the biggest penis pump that has ever been invented.
Cleaning Kit ($46.98). A collection of accessories to ensure the longevity the pump.
This kit is essential, despite the fact that it incurs an additional charge when you pay.
It is due to a potential for high levels of bacterial growth in water that is warm The pump also needs to be kept clean to ensure that the rubber will remain malleable.
Cushion Rings ($14.98. Additional cushion rings can be placed on the bottom of your pump prior to use, making the press of the seal into the pubic bone a more pleasant and less painful experience.
The Capsule Travel Case ($46.98). A sturdy case that will protect your pump from damage and maintain your privacy while you travel.SHOP BATHMATE
How to Get the Most Gains with Your Bathmate Hydropump
What is Jelqing?
Bathmate suggests the usage of jelqing for a manual exercise to be employed alongside the Bathmate Hydropumps.
Jalqing is a tradition that dates back to the Middle East as a rite of passage that dates back to the ancient Arabic civilizations. Jelqing is helpful in warming up the penile tissues, preventing fluid retention, and training and preparing your penis in a safe way for the more intense pressures applied through the pump.
In addition to using your Bathmate Hydropump you should make jelqing an integral part of your routine.
1.) Be sure that the penis is warmed up and flexible prior to increasing blood flow by applying hot water or a warm towel to the region.
This will enable the penis to expand faster.
2.) Apply lube, and with a good finger grip, encircle the base on your semi-erect cock.
Do this many times. When you use the grip, make sure you only apply pressure only in one direction, working from the base to the tip. You should not pull the skin back.
3) It is imperative to never jelq an entire erection. Beginners should stop jelqing once their penis is fifty per cent of an active erection following one hundred fifty repetitions.
This percentage can be increased to seventy five percent, then ninety percent. However novices should not jelq with a full erection.
Build a Workout Routine With Your Bathmate’s Hydropump
It’s crucial to keep up your pump if you’re hoping to gain penile growth and maintain those you have, because doing so will help you sustain those gains.
This involves creating a consistent program of exercise that is adapted to your personal time limitations goals, objectives, and the amount of effort you think you can put into it.
The advocates of the Bathmate Hydropump with more experience classify routines as either “Newbie,” “Intermediate,” or “Advanced.”
If you’ve been using jelqing for long time, your level is determined by how experienced you are with the Bathmate Hydropumps.
It is crucial not to overdo the exercise and to work your way up to more intense workouts when using a penis pump that is vacuum and this is for the same reason that it is essential not to do too much when you are building muscles.
You can experiment using the many Bathmate Hydropump routines available inside each level to see which make your penis respond most positively.
A good example of a simple routine that is suitable for beginners would be as follows:
- Week 1 and 2 2: Pumping sessions lasting 5-10 minutes, four times each week.
- Week 3 and 4: Pumping sessions of 10 to 15 minutes, 5 times per week.
- Week 5 & 6 Sessions of pumping that last 15 to 20 minutes, six times every week.
Make sure you get at least one day of relaxation every week is important and you should not exceed six times.SHOP BATHMATE
Alternative Vacuum Penis Pumps to the Bathmate Hydropump
Bathmate Hydraulic penis pumps as evidenced by its receipt of the Venus award for best new product in 2014 and the award for best male enhancement device in 2012.
Penomet as with Bathmate, is essentially an water-based vacuum device which can be utilized for showers, in the bath, or even as a typical air penis pump.
The versatility of the pump is what makes it a good choice.
Penomet makes use of the AquaPressure technology to provide the perfect vacuum pressure.
Penomet pumps are adjustable made of polycarbonate plastics that the company claims are almost unbreakable. Furthermore, they have five gaiters made of medical-grade silicone. Each has their own level of suction force.
If you purchase a Penomet with all 5 gaiters and you’ll be able to utilize the same pump from the first time you utilize it to the end of numerous years of penile enhancement and training in the future. Utilizing different models of Bathmate
When your penis has grown by a specific percentage, all additional gains you make will be restricted to maintenance only till you can upgrade your model that has an increased size as well as a stronger suction. It’s easier to keep track of your progress in the areas of training, expansion or recovery when you rely on only one model. Penomet’s products come in a variety of sizes, including those of the Force 60, 65, 70 and 75, and the Extreme Force 80 and X85 Monster Gaiter, the latter of which is the primary rival to Bathmate’s HydroXtreme11.
After more than 10 years of study and testing, it was found that using Penomet devices for six months, with 6 sessions per week lead to as much as a twenty percentage increase in the length, a thirty percent rise in thickness, and an improvement with regards to the general quality of sexual erection.
Penomet, much like Bathmate, provides a money-back guarantee for the first sixty days, and a warranty that lasts for three years. A warranty of two years is provided by Bathmate.
The initial cost is the main drawback that comes with Penomet penis pumps compared with Bathmate hydropumps.
In comparison to Bathmate HydroXtreme11, which retails for $399, Penomet Premium package, which comprises all gaiters from the basic gaiter up to the Extreme Force 80 gaiter, comes with a suggested retail price of $457. Bathmate Without Warming Up